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50 Years of ERIC
50 Years of ERIC
The Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) is celebrating its 50th Birthday! First opened on May 15th, 1964 ERIC continues the long tradition of ongoing innovation and enhancement.

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ERIC Number: ED018405
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 170
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
TRANSFORMATIONAL SENTENCE-COMBINING, A METHOD FOR ENHANCING THE DEVELOPMENT OF SYNTACTIC FLUENCY IN ENGLISH COMPOSITION. FINAL REPORT.
MELLON, JOHN C.
THIS STUDY REPORTS AN EXPERIMENT ON THE HYPOTHESIS THAT GRAMMAR-RELATED SENTENCE-COMBINING PRACTICE WILL MEANINGFULLY ENHANCE THE NORMAL GROWTH OF SYNTACTIC FLUENCY. TRADITIONAL STUDIES ON ERROR THERAPY AND SENTENCE STRUCTURE ARE REVIEWED, AND DESIGN AND RATIONALE ARE INFERRED FROM THE RESEARCH OF BATEMAN AND ZIDONIS. RULE LEARNING, PATTERN PRACTICE, MODELED WRITING, AND TRADITIONAL PARSING--ALL METHODS FOR ENHANCING GROWTH OF SYNTACTIC FLUENCY--ARE EXAMINED AND REJECTED. INSTEAD, STUDENTS ARE PRESENTED WITH SETS OF KERNEL-LIKE STATEMENTS WHICH ARE COLLAPSED INTO COMPLEX SENTENCES SO THAT THE STUDENTS EXPERIENCE PSEUDO-PRODUCTION INTENSIVELY. PRE-POST WRITING TESTS WERE GIVEN TO 247 SEVENTH-GRADE STUDENTS ASSIGNED TO THREE GROUPS--TRANSFORMATIONAL SENTENCE-COMBINING, CONVENTIONAL PARSING, AND NO GRAMMAR. THE WRITING WAS SEGMENTED INTO T-UNITS AND ANALYZED ACCORDING TO 12 FACTORS OF SYNTACTIC FLUENCY PERTAINING TO NOMINAL AND RELATIVE EMBEDDINGS, FREQUENCY AND DEPTH OF EMBEDDINGS, AND CLUSTERED MODIFICATION. RESULTS INDICATE THAT THE EXPERIMENTAL SUBJECTS EXPERIENCED MORE THAN ONE ADDITIONAL YEAR EXPECTED OF THEM, AND THAT THEIR PROGRESS WAS CONSIDERABLY GREATER THAN THE CONTROL AND PLACEBO GROUPS. TENTATIVE CURRICULAR IMPLICATIONS AND REQUIREMENTS FOR SUBSEQUENT LONGER-TERM RESEARCH ARE DISCUSSED. (AUTHOR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Center for Research and Development in Educational Differences.
Identifiers: N/A