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ERIC Number: ED018278
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Apr
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
ON RESPONSIVE ENVIRONMENTS.
MOORE, OMAR KHAYYAM
EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY IS OF GREAT IMPORTANCE NOW BECAUSE THE ENORMOUS INCREASE IN THE RATE OF TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE WHICH TOOK PLACE DURING THE 1940'S HAS ALTERED OUR SOCIETY FROM A PERFORMANCE TO A LEARNING SOCIETY. IN A PERFORMANCE SOCIETY, LEARNING IS A PRELUDE TO THE PRACTICE OF A FIXED SET OF SKILLS. HOWEVER, IN A LEARNING SOCIETY THE REQUIRED SKILLS CHANGE TOO RAPIDLY FOR THIS TO BE POSSIBLE. LEARNING MUST CONTINUE INTO ADULTHOOD, AND MAKING THIS POSSIBLE REQUIRES A THOROUGHGOING REFORM OF EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS. THESE MUST NOW INCULCATE FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS AND ABSTRACT SYMBOLIC SKILLS RATHER THAN TECHNICAL VIRTUOSITY. THROUGH THE USE OF COMPUTERS AS TEACHING MACHINES, TECHNOLOGY CAN BE TURNED BACK ON ITSELF TO SOLVE THE PROBLEMS IT POSES. THIS USAGE IS NOW BEGINNING TO BE REALIZED THROUGH THE INTERVENTION OF "BIG BUSINESS" AND GOVERNMENT. ONE EXAMPLE OF THIS USAGE IS THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE EDISON RESPONSIVE ENVIRONMENT MACHINE OR "TALKING TYPEWRITER." HERETOFORE, THE BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES HAVE NOT CONTRIBUTED TO EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY, BUT THIS MACHINE IS BASED ON A SOCIOLOGICAL CONCEPTUALIZATION OF THE LEARNER AND HIS ENVIRONMENT. THIS HAS LED TO STARTLING RESULTS. IT ALSO HAS OFFERED A POSSIBLE SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEM OF MATCHING HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE AVAILABILITIES BY USING THE LEARNER AS A SOURCE OF MATERIAL FOR HIS OWN EDUCATION. SOME EXAMPLES OF THE CAPABILITIES OF LEARNERS, IN THIS CASE CHILDREN FROM 3 TO 6 YEARS OF AGE, ARE ILLUSTRATED BY 5 FILM CLIPS (REFERRED TO AND DESCRIBED BUT NOT INCLUDED IN THE DOCUMENT). THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED AT THE ABINGTON CONFERENCE '67, "NEW DIRECTIONS IN INDIVIDUALIZED LEARNING," APRIL 23-27, 1967. (DR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Learning Research and Development Center.
Identifiers: EDISON RESPONSIVE ENVIRONMENT