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ERIC Number: ED018270
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 30
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE COGNITIVE ENVIRONMENTS OF URBAN PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN. MANUAL OF INSTRUCTIONS FOR ADMINISTERING AND SCORING MATERNAL LANGUAGE STYLES.
HESS, ROBERT D.; AND OTHERS
THIS MANUAL DESCRIBES MEASURES USED IN "THE COGNITIVE ENVIRONMENTS OF URBAN PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN" PROJECT AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO. THE SAMPLE FOR THE STUDY CONSISTED OF 163 NEGRO MOTHER-CHILD PAIRS SELECTED FROM 3 SOCIOECONOMIC CLASSES BASED ON THE FATHER'S OCCUPATION AND THE PARENTS' EDUCATION. A FOURTH GROUP INCLUDED FATHER-ABSENT FAMILIES. THE MOTHERS WERE INTERVIEWED AT HOME AND THE MOTHERS AND CHILDREN WERE TESTED AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO WHEN THE CHILDREN WERE 4 YEARS OLD. FOLLOW-UP DATA WERE OBTAINED WHEN THE CHILDREN WERE 6 AND AGAIN WHEN THEY WERE 7. IN ORDER TO DETERMINE MATERNAL LANGUAGE STYLES, LANGUAGE SAMPLES WERE OBTAINED FROM VERBATIM TRANSCRIPTS OF TAPE-RECORDED RESPONSES TO (1) THE TYPICAL-DAY QUESTION (DESCRIBED IN PS 000 482), (2) THE MOTHER-TEACHER PICTURE (DESCRIBED IN PS 000 481), AND (3) THE CHILDREN'S APPERCEPTION TEST CARD NO. 3. LANGUAGE SAMPLES WERE ANALYZED AND SCORED, USING THE CRITERIA DESCRIBED IN THE MANUAL, FOR (1) MEAN SENTENCE LENGTH, (2) MEAN PRE-VERB LENGTH, (3) UNCOMMON ADJECTIVES, (4) UNCOMMON ADVERBS, (5) VERB ELABORATION, (6) ABSTRACTION, (7) STRUCTURE ELABORATION, AND (8) CONTENT ELABORATION. THE PRINCIPAL COMPONENT FACTOR ANALYSIS DISCLOSED A SINGLE FACTOR INVOLVING (1), (2), (5), AND (7) ABOVE. SCORES ON THESE FACTORS WERE CONVERTED TO Z-SCORES, AND A MEAN Z-SCORE WAS COMPUTED FOR EACH LANGUAGE SAMPLE. THESE WERE THEN AVERAGED FOR EACH SUBJECT TO OBTAIN THE AVERAGE LANGUAGE ELABORATION T-SCORE. THE COMPLETE SET OF PROJECT MANUALS COMPRISES PS 000 475 THROUGH PS 000 492. (DR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Chicago Univ., IL. Urban Child Center.
Identifiers: Illinois (Chicago)