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ERIC Number: ED018269
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 6
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE COGNITIVE ENVIRONMENTS OF URBAN PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN. MANUAL OF RECORDING AND OBSERVATION TECHNIQUES FOR MOTHER-CHILD INTERACTION.
HESS, ROBERT D.; AND OTHERS
THIS MANUAL DESCRIBES MEASURES USED IN "THE COGNITIVE ENVIRONMENTS OF URBAN PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN" PROJECT AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO. THE SAMPLE FOR THE STUDY CONSISTED OF 163 NEGRO MOTHER-CHILD PAIRS SELECTED FROM 3 SOCIOECONOMIC CLASSES BASED ON THE FATHER'S OCCUPATION AND THE PARENTS' EDUCATION. A FOURTH GROUP INCLUDED FATHER-ABSENT FAMILIES. THE MOTHERS WERE INTERVIEWED AT HOME AND THE MOTHERS AND CHILDREN WERE TESTED AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO WHEN THE CHILDREN WERE 4 YEARS OLD. FOLLOW-UP DATA WERE OBTAINED WHEN THE CHILDREN WERE 6 AND AGAIN WHEN THEY WERE 7. THE INTERACTIONS OF THE MOTHER AND CHILD DURING THE TOY SORTING (PS 000 486) AND BLOCK SORTING (PS 000 487) TASKS WERE OBSERVED AND TAPE RECORDED. THE OBSERVER WAS IN AN ADJACENT ROOM WITH A ONE-WAY OBSERVATION WINDOW AND RECORDED A RUNNING DESCRIPTION. THE DESCRIPTION TAPE AND THE TAPE OF THE MOTHER'S AND CHILD'S VOICES WERE COORDINATED BY SUPERIMPOSED TIME SIGNALS. THE DESCRIPTIONS WERE MADE AT THE LEVEL OF THE MOLAR BEHAVIORAL ACT, WITH THE CONTEXT OF THE ACT GIVEN EXPLICITLY. INITIAL TESTING WITH 2 OBSERVERS INDICATED THAT ONLY 1 OBSERVATION TAPE WAS NECESSARY. AN ADVANTAGE OF THE OBSERVATION TAPE TECHNIQUE IS THAT IT PRESERVES RAW DATA FOR ANY LATER, MORE REFINED ANALYSES. THE COMPLETE SET OF PROJECT MANUALS COMPRISES PS 000 475 THROUGH PS 000 492. (DR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Chicago Univ., IL. Urban Child Center.
Identifiers: Illinois (Chicago)