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ERIC Number: ED018266
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 75
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE COGNITIVE ENVIRONMENTS OF URBAN PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN. MANUAL FOR CODING MOTHER-CHILD INTERACTION ON THE EIGHT-BLOCK SORTING TASK.
HESS, ROBERT D.; AND OTHERS
THIS MANUAL DESCRIBES MEASURES USED IN "THE COGNITIVE ENVIRONMENTS OF URBAN PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN" PROJECT AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO. THE SAMPLE FOR THE STUDY CONSISTED OF 163 NEGRO MOTHER-CHILD PAIRS SELECTED FROM 3 SOCIOECONOMIC CLASSES BASED ON THE FATHER'S OCCUPATION AND THE PARENTS' EDUCATION. A FOURTH GROUP INCLUDED FATHER-ABSENT FAMILIES. THE MOTHERS WERE INTERVIEWED AT HOME AND THE MOTHERS AND CHILDREN WERE TESTED AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO WHEN THE CHILDREN WERE 4 YEARS OLD. FOLLOW-UP DATA WERE OBTAINED WHEN THE CHILDREN WERE 6 AND AGAIN WHEN THEY WERE 7. THE MOTHER-CHILD INTERACTION OBSERVED IN THE 8-BLOCK SORTING TASK (PS 000 487) WAS ANALYZED ACCORDING TO 2 SCHEMES. THE FIRST SCHEME DIVIDES THE INTERACTION INTO MESSAGE UNITS, AND THE SECOND SCHEME CONCENTRATES ON QUALITATIVE ASPECTS OF BEHAVIOR. THE MESSAGE UNITS WERE CATEGORIZED AND CODED ACCORDING TO SUCH SCHEMA AS VERBAL MESSAGE TYPE, PHYSICAL MESSAGE TYPE, AND FEEDBACK FROM CHILD. FROM THESE MESSAGE UNITS, 15 MATERNAL AND 16 CHILD MEASURES WERE CALCULATED. THE BEHAVIORAL ANALYSIS WAS USED TO CALCULATE 13 MATERNAL AND 2 CHILD MEASURES. PRINCIPAL COMPONENT FACTOR ANALYSIS OF THESE MEASURES FOUND 6 MATERNAL AND 4 CHILD FACTORS. THE FACTORS FOR THE MOTHER WERE DESIGNATED (1) REWARD-ORIENTED MOTIVATION TECHNIQUES, (2) PUNISHMENT-ORIENTED MOTIVATION TECHNIQUES, (3) ORIENTATION, (4) SPECIFICITY IN PRERESPONSE INSTRUCTIONS, (5) SPECIFICITY IN POSTRESPONSE FEEDBACK, AND (6) GENERAL SATURATION OF TASK-SPECIFIC INFORMATION. THOSE FOR THE CHILD WERE LABELED (7) RESISTANCE, (8) BLOCK PLACEMENT ERRORS, (9) VERBALIZATION OF LABELS, AND (10) VERBAL PARTICIPATION. FACTOR SCORES WERE BASED ON UNROTATED, NONORTHOGANAL FACTORS SO THAT SOME CORRELATIONS ARE PRESENT. THE COMPLETE SET OF PROJECT MANUALS COMPRISES PS 000 475 THROUGH PS 000 492. (DR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Chicago Univ., IL. Urban Child Center.
Identifiers: Illinois (Chicago)