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ERIC Number: ED018263
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE COGNITIVE ENVIRONMENTS OF URBAN PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN. MANUAL OF INSTRUCTIONS FOR ADMINISTERING AND SCORING SIGEL CONCEPTUAL STYLE SORTING TASKS.
HESS, ROBERT D.; AND OTHERS
THIS MANUAL DESCRIBES MEASURES USED IN "THE COGNITIVE ENVIRONMENTS OF URBAN PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN" PROJECT AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO. THE SAMPLE FOR THE STUDY CONSISTED OF 163 NEGRO MOTHER-CHILD PAIRS SELECTED FROM 3 SOCIOECONOMIC CLASSES BASED ON THE FATHER'S OCCUPATION AND THE PARENTS' EDUCATION. A FOURTH GROUP INCLUDED FATHER-ABSENT FAMILIES. THE MOTHERS WERE INTERVIEWED AT HOME AND THE MOTHERS AND CHILDREN WERE TESTED AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO WHEN THE CHILDREN WERE 4 YEARS OLD. FOLLOW-UP DATA WERE OBTAINED WHEN THE CHILDREN WERE 6 AND AGAIN WHEN THEY WERE 7. THE SIGEL CONCEPTUAL STYLE SORTING TASK WAS ADMINISTERED AT THE FIRST UNIVERSITY TESTING SESSION. THE MOTHERS WERE SHOWN BLACK-AND-WHITE PAPER CUTOUTS OF HUMAN FIGURES WHICH HAD BEEN PLACED RANDOMLY ON A TABLETOP, AND THEY WERE ASKED TO PICK OUT ONE GROUP OF FIGURES HAVING A COMMON CHARACTERISTIC. THE REACTION TIME TAKEN BEFORE THE SUBJECT PICKED UP THE FIRST FIGURE WAS RECORDED, AND THE REASON OFFERED FOR THE GROUPING WAS RECORDED VERBATIM. THE MOTHER WAS ASKED TO MAKE 11 ADDITIONAL SORTS USING A DIFFERENT REASON FOR EACH GROUPING. THE CHILDREN WERE TESTED WITH 15 SETS OF BLACK-AND-WHITE PICTURES AND 5 SETS OF BLACK-AND-WHITE CUTOUTS. EACH SET HAD 4 ITEMS WHICH THE CHILD WAS SHOWN. ONE ITEM WAS SELECTED BY THE TESTER AS THE PRESENTATION PICTURE. THE CHILD WAS ASKED TO IDENTIFY THE 3 REMAINING ITEMS AND TO PICK THE ONE THAT BELONGED WITH THE PRESENTATION PICTURE. THE CHILDREN WERE ASKED TO GIVE REASONS FOR THEIR SELECTIONS. THE SCORING CATEGORIES WERE THE SAME FOR THE MOTHERS AND CHILDREN, AND FOLLOW DR. IRVING E. SIGEL'S CATEGORIES OF DESCRIPTIVE, FUNCTIONAL, AND CATEGORICAL CRITERIA. THE SUBJECTS WERE SCORED FOR BOTH THEIR SORTING AND THEIR VERBAL RESPONSES. THE COMPLETE SET OF PROJECT MANUALS COMPRISES PS 000 475 THROUGH PS 000 492. (DR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Chicago Univ., IL. Urban Child Center.
Identifiers: Illinois (Chicago); SIGEL CONCEPTUAL STYLE SORTING TASK