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ERIC Number: ED018248
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-May
Pages: 86
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
PROJECT HEAD START--SUMMER 1966. FINAL REPORT. SECTION THREE, PUPILS AND PROGRAMS.
ANDERSON, SCARVIA B.; TEMP, GEORGE
THIS DOCUMENT IS SECTION 3 OF A 3-PART REPORT BY THE EDUCATIONAL TESTING SERVICE. THE DATA USED IN THIS SECTION WERE COMPILED FROM 79 CLASSES CONTAINING ABOUT 1,000 PUPILS. THE CLASSES WERE PART OF THE 1966 SUMMER HEAD START PROGRAM. THE PURPOSE OF THIS DOCUMENT IS TO NOTE GENERAL PERFORMANCE CHANGES IN THE PUPILS AS MEASURED BY TESTS ADMINISTERED AT THE BEGINNING OF THE PROGRAM AND AGAIN AT THE END. THE RESULTS WERE INTERPRETED AS SHOWING THAT, ALTHOUGH THE PUPILS' SCORES WERE BELOW THE DESIRED INTELLIGENCE LEVEL NORMS OF THEIR AGE-GROUP AT BOTH THE BEGINNING AND END OF THE PROGRAM, SOME POSITIVE IMPROVEMENT DID OCCUR. BECAUSE OF THE EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN, IT WAS NOT POSSIBLE TO DEFINITELY ASSESS THE EXTENT, OR EVEN THE VERY EXISTENCE, OF CONTRIBUTIONS BY 4 POSSIBLE CAUSES OF THE IMPROVEMENT IN PERFORMANCE. THE 4 POSSIBLE CAUSES WERE (1) THE HEAD START PROGRAM, (2) MATURATION, (3) OUTSIDE EXPERIENCES, AND (4) TESTING EFFECTS. A SECOND ASPECT OF THE STUDY, CLASSROOM OBSERVATION, PRODUCED AN ADDITIONAL SET OF POSSIBLE INFLUENCES ON PUPIL PERFORMANCE, NAMELY, (1) TEACHER CHARACTERISTICS, (2) PUPIL CHARACTERISTICS, (3) PUPIL EXPERIENCES IN THE CLASSROOM, AND (4) SCHOOL-COMMUNITY-PARENTAL FACTORS. (WD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.
Identifiers: CLASSROOM OBSERVATION FORM; PROJECT HEAD START; Stanford Binet Intelligence Scale