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ERIC Number: ED018213
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS, INTELLIGENCE, AND THE ATTAINMENT OF HIGHER EDUCATION.
SEWELL, WILLIAM H.; SHAH, VIMAL P.
IN THIS STUDY OF A RANDOM SELECTION OF WISCONSIN HIGH SCHOOL SENIORS (4,386 MALES AND 4,621 FEMALES), THE RELATIVE INFLUENCES OF SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS AND MEASURED INTELLIGENCE ARE EXAMINED AT SUCCESSIVE STAGES IN HIGHER EDUCATION BY CROSS-TABULAR ANALYSIS, EFFECT PARAMETERS, AND PATH ANALYSIS. BOTH SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS AND INTELLIGENCE HAVE DIRECT EFFECTS ON PLANNING FOR COLLEGE, COLLEGE ATTENDANCE, AND COLLEGE GRADUATION, AND CONSIDERABLE INDIRECT EFFECT ON THE LEVEL OF EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT THROUGH THEIR INITIAL EFFECTS ON COLLEGE PLANS AND COLLEGE ATTENDANCE. FOR FEMALES, HOWEVER, THE RELATIVE EFFECT OF SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS WAS GREATER THAN THE EFFECT OF INTELLIGENCE, WHILE FOR MALES THE RELATIVE EFFECT OF INTELLIGENCE AT EACH OF THESE STAGES WAS GREATER THAN THE EFFECT OF SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS. WHEN ONLY THOSE WHO ATTENDED COLLEGE WERE INCLUDED IN THE ANALYSIS, INTELLIGENCE WAS MORE IMPORTANT THAN SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS, FOR BOTH SEXES, IN DETERMINING WHO EVENTUALLY GRADUATED. SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS, HOWEVER, CONTINUED TO INFLUENCE COLLEGE GRADUATION, EVEN AFTER SOCIOECONOMIC SELECTION HAD PLAYED ITS PART IN DETERMINING WHO WOULD ATTEND COLLEGE. THIS ARTICLE IS A REPRINT FROM "SOCIOLOGY OF EDUCATION," VOLUME 40, NUMBER 1, WINTER 1967. (AUTHOR/HH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Sociological Association, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: N/A