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ERIC Number: ED018205
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Feb-17
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
APPLICATIONS OF COMPUTERS TO RESEARCH ON INSTRUCTION.
HANSEN, DUNCAN N.
THESE ARE THREE SAMPLE STUDIES OF COMPUTER-ASSISTED INSTRUCTION (CAI) IN READING AND SPELLING. ALTHOUGH THEY ARE FOR GRADE-SCHOOL PUPILS, THE PRINCIPLES APPLY TO HIGHER EDUCATION AS WELL, ESPECIALLY IN SUCH SUBJECTS AS MATHEMATICS, CERTAIN SCIENCES, FOREIGN LANGUAGE, AND ENGINEERING. THE FIRST STUDY LOOKED INTO EXPECTED LEARNING OUTCOMES. IT TOOK TWELVE 2ND-GRADE CHILDREN THROUGH 11 TRAINING SESSIONS IN REMEDIAL READING, EMPHASIZING SENTENCE INITIATORS AND SCORING BY CORRECT READING, INTONATION, WRONG READING, OR OMISSION. A TREND TOWARD CORRECT MODELING PERSISTED THROUGH ALL SESSIONS. THE SECOND STUDY SHOWED THE PROBLEMS OF INTEGRATING CAI WITH AN EXISTING SCHOOL PROGRAM, IN TERMS OF ITS EFFECTS ON TEACHERS AND THE SCHOOL'S USUAL ROUTINE. A DAILY SPELLING LESSON WAS GIVEN, COVERING CERTAIN SPELLING RULES, WITHOUT DISRUPTING NORMAL SCHEDULES. THE THIRD STUDY ILLUSTRATED THE CAREFUL EXPERIMENTATION STILL NEEDED FOR BOTH THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL SYSTEMS, BY SHOWING HOW THE RESEARCHERS COMPARED THE RESULTS OF TEACHING PUPILS CORRECT SPELLING THROUGH THE USE OF WHOLE LISTS AND PARTIAL LISTS OF SELECTED WORDS. ALL THREE PROGRAMS FOR THE STUDIES ARE DESCRIBED IN DETAIL. THE VALUE OF CAI AS IT IS NOW AND THE AMOUNT OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT STILL TO BE DONE ARE DISCUSSED. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED AT THE NATIONAL SOCIETY OF COLLEGE TEACHERS OF EDUCATION (FEBRUARY 17, 1966). (HH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: CALIFORNIA; California (Stanford)