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ERIC Number: ED017983
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Sep
Pages: 215
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
FURTHER RESEARCH ON SPEEDED SPEECH AS AN EDUCATIONAL MEDIUM. FINAL REPORT, PARTS 1-5, JULY 1965--SEPTEMBER 1967.
FRIEDMAN, HERBERT L.; AND OTHERS
UNDER TWO GRANTS FROM THE NEW EDUCATIONAL MEDIA BRANCH OF THE OFFICE OF EDUCATION, RESEARCH CONDUCTED AT THE AMERICAN INSTITUTES FOR RESEARCH FROM 1963 THROUGH 1967 EXAMINED MAJOR VARIABLES IN LISTENING COMPREHENSION WHEN COLLEGE-AGE STUDENTS ARE EXPOSED TO RATE-CONTROLLED SPEECH. THE TECHNIQUE USED TO ALTER THE RATE OF PRESENTATION OF TAPE-RECORDED SPEECH IS AN INNOVATION WHICH PERMITS THE SPEED OF SPEECH TO BE ALTERED INDEPENDENTLY OF PITCH. COLLEGE STUDENTS WERE TESTED IN A NUMBER OF EXPERIMENTS USING NOVELS AS PRACTICE LISTENING MATERIAL AND HISTORICAL PASSAGES AS TEST MATERIAL, WITH LESS COMPLETE EXAMINATION OF PSYCHOLOGICAL AND GEOLOGICAL MATERIALS. VARIABLES WERE GROUPED INTO THREE AREAS--(1) STIMULUS VARIABLES (AMOUNT, DURATION, RATE, CONTENT, AND CONTINUITY OF EXPOSURE TO PRACTICE AND TEST LISTENING MATERIALS), (2) SITUATIONAL VARIABLES (LISTENING AIDS BEFORE AND DURING MATERIAL PRESENTATION, SELF-DETERMINATION OF RATE, MEASUREMENT OF RETENTION, AND USE OF COMPRESSED SPEECH AS A METHOD OF REVIEW), AND (3) LISTENER VARIABLES (INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN SEX, INTERCORRELATIONS BETWEEN LISTENING AND READING SCORES, AND GENERAL LANGUAGE ABILITY). THE RESULTS DEMONSTRATE THAT STUDENTS CAN LEARN TO COMPREHEND COLLEGE LEVEL MATERIAL AT BETTER THAN TWICE THE NORMAL RATE. SIGNIFICANT IMPROVEMENTS AT TWO AND ONE-HALF TIMES NORMAL CAN BE ACHIEVED WITH TEN HOURS OF PRACTICE. NEARLY ALL STUDENTS WERE RECEPTIVE TO THE USE OF COMPRESSED SPEECH IN THE EDUCATIONAL SETTING. (HM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Institutes for Research in the Behavioral Sciences, Silver Spring, MD.
Identifiers: Maryland (Silver Spring)