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ERIC Number: ED017924
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A COMPARISON OF INFORMATION PROCESSING ABILITIES OF MIDDLE AND LOWER CLASS NEGRO KINDERGARTEN BOYS.
RYCKMAN, DAVID B.
A STUDY WAS UNDERTAKEN TO EXAMINE THE NATURE OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SOCIAL CLASS AND COGNITIVE ABILITIES OF NEGRO KINDERGARTEN BOYS. FIFTY MIDDLE CLASS AND 50 LOWER CLASS NEGRO KINDERGARTEN BOYS WERE INDIVIDUALLY ADMINISTERED EXTENSIVE TESTS DESIGNED TO ASSESS SPECIFIC INFORMATION PROCESSING ABILITIES. THE EIGHT INSTRUMENTS USED INCLUDED THREE STANDARDIZED TESTS (ILLINOIS TEST OF PSYCHOLINGUISTIC ABILITIES, THE BEERY-BUKTENICA DEVELOPMENTAL FORM SEQUENCE, AND THE WEPMAN AUDITORY DISCRIMINATION TEST), AND FIVE UNSTANDARIZED INSTRUMENTS. A COMPONENT ANALYSIS OF 19 VARIABLES PRODUCED FIVE REASONABLY MEANINGFUL COMPONENTS. THE EVIDENCE FROM THIS STUDY SUGGESTS THAT THE MAJOR DIFFERENTIATING CHARACTERISTIC BETWEEN THE MIDDLE AND LOWER CLASS IS GENERAL LANGUAGE ABILITY. THIS COMPONENT ACCOUNTED FOR THE LARGEST AMOUNT OF THE VARIANCE, PRODUCED THE LARGEST MEAN DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE GROUPS, AND HAD THE HIGHEST CORRELATION WITH SOCIAL CLASS. THE FINDINGS NOTED IN THE STUDY APPEAR TO SUPPORT STRONGLY THE POSITION THAT CULTURAL DEPRIVATION IS ESSENTIALLY LANGUAGE DEPRIVATION, ESPECIALLY FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES. USING A DEFINITION BASED ON LANGUAGE VARIABLES, RATHER THAN SOCIOECONOMIC VARIABLES, APPEARS TO BE ADVANTAGEOUS IN TERMS OF BOTH IDENTIFICATION AND REMEDIAL OR COMPENSATORY EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMING. FURTHER, THE DEFINITION SHOULD PROBABLY BE BASED ON LANGUAGE USAGE, RATHER THAN ON SUCH LANGUAGE VARIABLES AS VOCABULARY. IMPLICATIONS FOR EDUCATIONAL DEFINITION, DIAGNOSIS, AND PROGRAM PLANNING ARE DISCUSSED IN THIS REPORT, WHICH IS PUBLISHED IN "STUDIES IN LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGE BEHAVIOR, PROGRESS REPORT IV," 1967, BY THE CENTER FOR RESEARCH ON LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGE BEHAVIOR, UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN, 220 EAST HURON STREET, ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN 48108. (AUTHOR/JD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Center for Research on Language and Language Behavior.
Identifiers: N/A