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ERIC Number: ED017918
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 15
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
PERCEPTION OF GRAMMATICALNESS.
TIKOFSKY, RONALD S.; AND OTHERS
THIS EXPERIMENT IS DESIGNED TO ULTIMATELY ESTABLISH A TECHNIQUE FOR STUDYING THE APHASIC'S ABILITY TO DEMONSTRATE HIS GRAMMATICAL COMPETENCE. HOWEVER, BEFORE EXPOSING APHASICS TO THE TASK, AN EXPERIMENT WAS CARRIED OUT WITH NORMAL SUBJECTS (COLLEGE STUDENTS) TO OBTAIN BASELINE DATA. THE MAIN PURPOSE OF THE PRESENT STUDY WAS TO DETERMINE WHETHER NORMAL SUBJECTS (SS) SHOW GENERAL AGREEMENT IN THEIR PREFERENCE OF MEMBERS OF A PAIR OF NON-GRAMMATICAL STATEMENTS AND HOW SUCH STATEMENTS WOULD BE RANKED WITH RESPECT TO THEIR APPROXIMATION TO "GOOD ENGLISH." TWENTY-EIGHT SS WERE PRESENTED WITH COMPUTER GENERATED NON-GRAMMATICAL STATEMENTS, AND ASKED TO CARRY OUT TWO TASKS ON EACH OF TWO EXPERIMENTAL DAYS. TASK 1 WAS A FORCED-CHOICE EXPERIMENT IN WHICH 50 PAIRS OF STATEMENTS WERE PRESENTED AURALLY TO EACH S, AND HE HAD TO SELECT THAT MEMBER OF THE PAIR WHICH HE FELT WAS THE BEST APPROXIMATION TO A GOOD ENGLISH SENTENCE. IN TASK 2, SS WERE REQUIRED TO READ AND RANK EACH STATEMENT ON A SCALE RUNNING FROM 1 (COMPLETELY UNACCEPTABLE) TO 5 (COMPLETELY ACCEPTABLE). A DIFFERENT ORDER OF STIMULUS PRESENTATION WAS EMPLOYED ON EACH EXPERIMENTAL DAY. FOURTEEN SS WERE ASSIGNED TO ONE ORDER ON THE FIRST DAY, AND RECEIVED THE OTHER ORDER ON THE SECOND DAY. RESULTS SHOW THAT SS TEND TO PREFER THE SAME STATEMENT OVER ORDERS, AND THAT RANK AND PREFERENCE ARE HIGHLY CORRELATED. THERE WERE CONSIDERABLE DIFFERENCES IN PREFERENCE AMONG THE 50 PAIRS OF STIMULUS ITEMS. PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS OF THE DATA SUGGESTS THAT THIS TASK YIELDS INFORMATION RELEVANT TO THE LINGUISTIC AND IN PARTICULAR THE SYNTACTIC COMPETENCE OF SS WHEN APPLIED TO NON-GRAMMATICAL STATEMENTS. SS APPEAR TO BE TRYING TO COPE WITH THE STATEMENTS BY COMPARING THEM TO AN ACCEPTABLE SYNTACTIC PATTERN. THIS PAPER APPEARS IN "STUDIES IN LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGE BEHAVIOR, PROGRESS REPORT IV," PUBLISHED BY THE CENTER FOR RESEARCH ON LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGE BEHAVIOR, UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN, 220 EAST HURON STREET, ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN 48108. (AUTHOR/AMM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Center for Research on Language and Language Behavior.
Identifiers: N/A