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ERIC Number: ED017911
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 179
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
TWO BEHAVIORAL EXPERIMENTS ON THE LOCATION OF THE SYLLABLE BEAT IN CONVERSATIONAL AMERICAN ENGLISH.
ALLEN, GEORGE D.
RHYTHM IS ONE OF THE ELEMENTS OF THE PROSODIC LEVEL OF SPEECH. THE BASIC UNITS OF RHYTHM, UPON WHICH ARE CARRIED MANY OTHER PROSODIC UNITS, ARE POINTS OR INTERVALS OF TIME. THE TIME INTERVALS BETWEEN SUCCESSIVE MAJOR STRESSES ARE HYPOTHESIZED TO REMAIN ROUGHLY EQUAL IN ENGLISH SPEECH, I.E., ENGLISH IS SAID TO BE A STRESS-TIMED LANGUAGE. IN ORDER TO MEASURE THESE TIME INTERVALS, HOWEVER, THEIR END POINTS, THE RHYTHMIC BEATS, MUST FIRST BE FOUND. NATIVE SPEAKERS OF ENGLISH FEEL THE RHYTHM OF THEIR SPEECH INTUITIVELY AND CAN REACT CONSISTENTLY TO THE BEAT OF A STRESSED OR RHYTHMIC SYLLABLE. THE PRESENT WORK DETERMINED THE VALIDITY OF THIS RHYTHMIC INTUITION AND USED IT TO LOCATE THE SYLLABLE BEAT. OF THE TWO MEANS OF LOCATING THE SYLLABLE BEAT, (TAPPING TO THE BEAT WITH A FINGER, AND BY PLACING AN AUDIBLE CLICK ON THE BEAT), TAPPING SEEMED TO BE A MORE VALID RESPONSE. FROM THE FINDING OF AGREEMENT BETWEEN RHYTHMICALNESS-STRESS AND TAPPING BEHAVIOR, IT CAN BE CONCLUDED THAT RHYTHM EXISTS IN CONVERSATIONAL ENGLISH, INSOFAR AS THE STIMULUS UTTERANCES USED IN THIS EXPERIMENT ARE REPRESENTATIVE OF CONVERSATIONAL ENGLISH. THIS PAPER APPEARS IN "STUDIES IN LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGE BEHAVIOR, PROGRESS REPORT IV," PUBLISHED BY THE CENTER FOR RESEARCH ON LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGE BEHAVIOR, UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN, ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN 48108. APPENDICES C AND D OF THIS REPORT (NOT INCLUDED) MAY BE OBTAINED BY WRITING DIRECTLY TO THE AUTHOR AT THE CENTER. (AUTHOR/AMM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Center for Research on Language and Language Behavior.
Identifiers: N/A