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ERIC Number: ED017901
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Sep-1
Pages: 98
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE INFLUENCE OF DIALECT DIFFERENCES ON THE IMMEDIATE RECALL OF VERBAL MESSAGES.
WEENER, PAUL DAVID
THE PURPOSE OF THIS STUDY WAS TO INVESTIGATE THE INFLUENCE OF PHONETIC, SYNTACTIC, AND SEMANTIC DIALECT DIFFERENCES ON COMMUNICATION BETWEEN PERSONS FROM DIFFERENT DIALECT COMMUNITIES. THE THREE HYPOTHESES UPON WHICH THE STUDY WAS BASED STATED THAT PHONETIC, SYNTACTIC, AND SEMANTIC FEATURES OF DIALECT DIFFERENCES WOULD EACH CONTRIBUTE TO RESTRICTIONS ON THE AMOUNT OF INFORMATION TRANSMITTED BETWEEN MEMBERS OF DIFFERENT DIALECTS. RACE, SOCIAL CLASS, AND PLACE OF BIRTH WERE THE PRIMARY INDICES USED TO SELECT A GROUP OF ADULTS AND CHILDREN FROM EACH OF TWO DIALECT POPULATIONS IN THE DETROIT METROPOLITAN AREA. LANGUAGE SAMPLES WERE OBTAINED FROM BOTH GROUPS OF ADULTS. THESE SAMPLES SERVED AS STIMULUS MATERIALS FOR AN IMMEDIATE RECALL TASK WITH THE TWO GROUPS OF CHILDREN. EACH STIMULUS LIST WAS PRESENTED BY TWO SPEAKERS FROM EACH OF THE DIALECT GROUPS TO EACH SUBJECT. EACH STIMULUS PRESENTATION WAS DEFINED BY THREE FACTORS--THE SPEAKER, THE SOURCE FROM WHICH IT WAS COLLECTED, AND ITS APPROXIMATION-TO-ENGLISH-WORD-ORDER. THE EFFECT OF PHONETIC DIFFERENCES WAS SIGNIFICANT FOR THE WHITE MIDDLE-CLASS GROUP BUT NOT FOR THE NEGRO LOWER SOCIAL CLASS GROUP, WHILE THE EFFECTS OF SOURCE DIFFERENCES WERE NOT CLEARLY OBSERVABLE IN THE DATA. THIS DISSERTATION APPEARS IN "SUPPLEMENT TO STUDIES IN LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGE BEHAVIOR, PROGRESS REPORT V," SEPTEMBER 1, 1967. (AUTHOR/AMM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Center for Research on Language and Language Behavior.
Identifiers: N/A