NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED017761
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Mar
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A REVIEW OF EFFORTS TO ORGANIZE INFORMATION ABOUT HUMAN LEARNING, TRANSFER, AND RETENTION.
GINSBERG, ROSE; AND OTHERS
FOURTEEN EFFORTS TO ORGANIZE AVAILABLE INFORMATION ON HUMAN LEARNING, TRANSFER, AND RETENTION ARE SUMMARIZED AND EVALUATED ON SIX CRITERIA--BEHAVIORAL SIGNIFICANCE OF CATEGORIES, SCOPE, OBJECTIVITY AND RELIABILITY OF CATEGORIES, PROGNOSIS FOR THE SYSTEM, LOGICAL STRUCTURE, AND HEURISTIC VALUE OF THE SYSTEM. ATTENTION IS GIVEN TO OTHER SOURCES OF GUIDANCE FOR ORGANIZING INFORMATION ON HUMAN LEARNING. THE REVIEW INDICATES AT LEAST SIX MAJOR APPROACHES TO A TAXONOMY OF HUMAN LEARNING--(1) THEORECTICAL FACTORS, (2) CONDITIONS OF LEARNING, (3) INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES, (4) PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF LEARNING TASKS, (5) TASK CHARACTERISTICS IN RELATION TO EMPIRICAL VARIABLES, AND (6) TASK CHARACTERISTICS IN RELATION TO LEARNING PRINCIPLES. IN SOME CASES THE APPROACHES ARE COMBINED. THE MAJOR CONCLUSION IS THAT ALTHOUGH SOME CONTRIBUTIONS HAVE BEEN MADE TO A GENERAL ORGANIZATION OF INFORMATION ON HUMAN LEARNING, INTENSE AND DETAILED EFFORTS TOWARD A COMPREHENSIVE TAXONOMY ARE ONLY IN A PRELIMINARY FORMATIVE PHASE. AN EMPIRICALLY GROUNDED AND LOGICALLY SOUND TAXONOMY OF A WIDE RANGE OF LEARNING SITUATIONS WILL CONTRIBUTE SUBSTANTIALLY TO THE USE OF EXISTING INFORMATION AND TO THE GUIDANCE OF FUTURE RESEARCH. THIS DOCUMENT, AD 635 491, IS AVAILABLE FROM THE CLEARINGHOUSE FOR FEDERAL SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL INFORMATION, SPRINGFIELD, VA. 22151. MICROFICHE $.65. HARDCOPY $3.00. 40 PAGES. (AUTHOR/PG)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: San Jose State Coll., CA.; Aerospace Medical Research Labs, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH.
Identifiers: N/A