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ERIC Number: ED017591
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Dec-1
Pages: 74
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
RETARDATION IN INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT OF LOWER-CLASS PUERTO RICAN CHILDREN IN NEW YORK CITY. INTERIM FINAL REPORT.
THOMAS, ALEXANDER
THIS STUDY ATTEMPTED TO DETERMINE THE ENVIRONMENTAL PATTERNS (CHILD CARE PRACTICES, PARENTAL ATTITUDES, AND OTHER INTRAFAMILY AND EXTRAFAMILY INFLUENCES) WHICH ARE DETRIMENTAL OR BENEFICIAL TO THE OPTIMAL LEARNING AND INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT OF LOWER CLASS PUERTO RICAN CHILDREN. A SAMPLE POPULATION CONSISTED OF 95 CHILDREN WHOSE BEHAVIOR HAD BEEN FOLLOWED SINCE EARLY INFANCY AND THEIR OLDER SCHOOL-AGE SIBLINGS. A GROUP OF 136 MIDDLE CLASS CHILDREN WAS CHOSEN FOR COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF CERTAIN ITEMS. AN INTERIM ANALYSIS OF THE FINDINGS SHOWS THAT (1) I.Q. TEST RESULTS VARIED ACCORDING TO THE TESTER AND WERE UNCONNECTED WITH ANY LANGUAGE BARRIER, (2) THESE SCORES DID NOT DECREASE WITH CHRONOLOGICAL AGE, (3) THE OVERALL ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF THE SAMPLE WAS BELOW NORMAL, (4) THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP WAS LESS ORIENTED TOWARD TASK COMPLETION THAN THE MIDDLE CLASS GROUP, AND (5) THE LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SAMPLE GROUP WAS NOT RETARDED BY BILINGUALISM. DATA ON CHILD CARE PRACTICES, HOME ENVIRONMENT, AND FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS ARE NOW BEING COLLECTED. FROM THESE PRELIMINARY FINDINGS IT APPEARS THAT ACADEMIC RETARDATION IS NOT THE RESULT OF COGNITIVE DEFECTS RESULTING FROM PRESUMED DEFICIENCIES IN THE HOME ENVIRONMENT OF THE PRESCHOOL CHILD, AND THAT RETARDATION MAY STEM FROM POOR SCHOOLING AND AN OVER-EMPHASIS ON TASK-ORIENTED TEACHING METHODS. HOWEVER, AS THE ANALYSIS OF HOME ENVIRONMENT FACTORS HAS NOT YET BEEN COMPLETED, IT IS ALSO POSSIBLE THAT SOME OF THESE FACTORS MAY ACCOUNT FOR THE CHILD'S ACADEMIC RETARDATION. (DK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: New York Univ., NY. Medical Center.
Identifiers: New York (New York)