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ERIC Number: ED017549
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
CHARACTERISTICS OF LOW-ACHIEVING, LOW SELF-CONCEPT JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS AND THE IMPACT OF SMALL GROUP AND INDIVIDUAL COUNSELING ON SELF-CONCEPT ENHANCEMENT AND ACHIEVEMENT.
HAMACHEK, DON E.
THE PURPOSE OF THIS EXPERIMENT WAS TO EXPLORE WAYS TO COUNTERACT THE NEGATIVE AND UNFAVORABLE PARENTAL APPRAISALS OF LOW-ACHIEVING JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS WHICH REINFORCE THEIR NEGATIVE SELF-CONCEPTS AND IMPAIR THEIR ABILITY TO ACHIEVE. A 1-YEAR COUNSELING PROGRAM WAS DEVELOPED TO COUNTERACT THE NEGATIVE PARENTAL INFLUENCE THROUGH THE POSITIVE INFLUENCE OF SCHOOL GUIDANCE COUNSELORS. TWENTY-FIVE LOW-ACHIEVING STUDENTS WERE CHOSEN AS THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP WHILE 25 WERE DESIGNATED AS CONTROLS. VARIOUS QUESTIONNAIRES WERE ADMINISTERED TO DETERMINE PROBLEM AREAS. THE INDIVIDUAL COUNSELING STRATEGY WAS TO MAKE CLEAR TO THE STUDENT WHY HE WAS BEING COUNSELED AND TO ESTABLISH CONFIDENCE IN THE COUNSELOR'S ABILITY TO BE HELPFUL. THE COUNSELORS ALTERNATELY ADVISED, LISTENED, AND ATTEMPTED TO MAKE THE STUDENT REFLECT ON HIS OWN PROBLEMS. COUNSELING SESSIONS OCCURRED ONCE EVERY 10 DAYS AND LASTED UP TO AN HOUR. SMALL GROUP SESSIONS WERE CONDUCTED DURING THE SECOND HALF OF THE YEAR. IT WAS FOUND THAT DESPITE COUNSELING THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP HAD LOWER SELF-CONCEPTS THAN THE CONTROL GROUP, HAD LOWER GRADES, CONSIDERED GRADES LESS IMPORTANT, AND FELT THAT TEACHERS THOUGHT LESS OF THEM. THIS OUTCOME SUGGESTED THAT THE COUNSELING MERELY PLACED MORE PRESSURE ON THE STUDENT TO ACHIEVE, AND THUS UNWITTINGLY ADDED TO THE DETRIMENTAL EFFECTS OF PARENTAL DISAPPROVAL. (DK)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: CALIFORNIA PSYCHOLOGICAL INVENTORY; MASLOW SECURITY INSECURITY INVENTORY; Mooney Problem Check List; SRA YOUTH INVENTORY