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ERIC Number: ED017466
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Nov
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A FEASIBILITY STUDY FOR DETERMINING REQUIREMENTS OF BIOLOGICAL INFORMATION SERVICES AND SYSTEMS.
KINKADE, ROBERT G.; VAN COTT, HAROLD P.
EVALUATED WAS THE FEASIBILITY OF USING A PILOT INFORMATION CLEARINGHOUSE AS A RESEARCH TOOL FOR DEFINING DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR AN ADVANCED BIOLOGICAL INFORMATION CENTER. SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES WERE (1) TO DEVELOP A METHOD FOR STUDYING THE SCIENCE INFORMATION REQUIREMENTS OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENTISTS, (2) TO EVALUATE THE FEASIBILITY OF USING THE METHOD AS A RESEARCH TOOL TO DETECT CHANGES IN THE BEHAVIOR OF USER SCIENTISTS AS A FUNCTION OF MODIFICATION IN CLEARINGHOUSE PERFORMANCE, AND (3) TO GENERATE TENTATIVE PRESCRIPTIONS FOR SYSTEMS DESIGN. THE PILOT INFORMATION CLEARINGHOUSE WAS LOCATED AT THE FEDERATION OF AMERICAN SOCIETIES FOR EXPERIMENTAL BIOLOGY. THE RESULTS SHOWED (1) THAT MEANINGFUL DATA COULD BE OBTAINED CONCERNING THE REQUESTING BEHAVIOR OF SCIENTISTS, AND (2) THAT THERE WERE CHANGES IN THE BEHAVIOR OF SCIENTISTS AS A RESULT OF CERTAIN ELEMENTS IN THE CLEARINGHOUSE PROGRAM. TWO SUPPORTING STUDIES WERE CONDUCTED. THE FIRST WAS DESIGNED TO DETERMINE THE POSSIBILITY OF INCREASING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE PILOT INFORMATION CLEARINGHOUSE BY USING EXISTING INFORMATION SYSTEMS. THE SECOND STUDY WAS DESIGNED TO PROVIDE INFORMATION ABOUT WHAT ADDITIONAL SERVICES BIOLOGICAL SCIENTISTS MIGHT FIND USEFUL. THE RESULTS OF ALL THE STUDIES INDICATED (1) THAT IT WOULD NOT BE PARTICULARLY EFFECTIVE TO USE EXISTING INFORMATION SYSTEMS TO FACILITATE THE OPERATION OF THE PILOT INFORMATION CLEARINGHOUSE, AND (2) THAT A DESIRABLE SERVICE WOULD BE TO PROVIDE SCIENTISTS WITH "CURRENT AWARENESS" INFORMATION. (DS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: AMERICAN INSTITUTES FOR RESEARCH; Office of Science Information Service