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ERIC Number: ED017437
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Feb
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE EFFECT OF READING FOR A CREATIVE PURPOSE ON STUDENT ATTITUDES TOWARD A SHORT STORY.
SMITH, RICHARD J.
THE EFFECTS OF A TRAINING PROGRAM AND OF CREATIVE AND NONCREATIVE PREREADING WRITING TASKS WERE INVESTIGATED TO TEST THE ASSUMPTION THAT THE COGNITIVE LEVEL AT WHICH A LITERARY SELECTION IS READ DETERMINES THE ATTITUDES DEVELOPED TOWARD THAT SELECTION. TWENTY SENIOR CLASSES TAKING COLLEGE-PREPARATORY ENGLISH AT TWO MADISON, WISCONSIN, HIGH SCHOOLS WERE DIVIDED INTO FOUR EQUAL GROUPS. TWO GROUPS ATTENDED THE TRAINING PROGRAM, AND EACH WAS ASSIGNED EITHER A CREATIVE OR NONCREATIVE PREREADING WRITING TASK. THE TWO OTHER GROUPS WERE NONTRAINING GROUPS, BUT EACH GROUP WAS ASSIGNED EITHER A CREATIVE OR NONCREATIVE PREREADING WRITING TASK. EACH WRITTEN RESPONSE WAS RATED BY THREE JUDGES ON A 5-ITEM SCALE TO DETERMINE THE EXTENT OF CREATIVENESS OR NONCREATIVENESS. AN ATTITUDE INVENTORY ESPECIALLY DEVELOPED FOR THIS STUDY MEASURED THE ATTITUDES DEVELOPED AFTER COMPLETION OF THE READING AND WRITING TASKS. IT WAS CONCLUDED THAT THE NATURE OF THE PREREADING WRITING TASK INFLUENCED THE KIND OF ATTITUDES DEVELOPED TOWARD THE SELECTION READ, BUT THE DIRECTION AND INTENSITY OF THESE ATTITUDES WAS LIMITED TO THE ACADEMIC OR ABILITY LEVELS OF THE STUDENT. THE TRAINING PROGRAM HAD NO EFFECT ON ATTITUDINAL DEVELOPMENT. FURTHER RESEARCH WITH STUDENTS OF VARYING ABILITIES AND WITH DIFFERENT LITERARY FORMS IS SUGGESTED. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED AT THE AMERICAN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH ASSOCIATION CONFERENCE (CHICAGO, FEBRUARY 6-10, 1968). (NS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: MADISON; Madison Public Schools WI; WISCONSIN