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ERIC Number: ED017423
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Feb-6
Pages: 7
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
DEVELOPMENT OF AN INSTRUCTIONAL SYSTEM.
MELARAGNO, RALPH J.; NEWMARK, GERALD
THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN INSTRUCTIONAL SYSTEM TO IMPROVE CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION IN READING FOR MEXICAN-AMERICAN STUDENTS IS DESCRIBED. AN EVALUATION-REVISION STRATEGY WAS UTILIZED TO INVESTIGATE THE EXTENT OF INTERACTIONS AMONG STUDENTS, MATERIALS, AND THE TEACHER. FOUR ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS IN LOS ANGELES PARTICIPATED IN THIS PROGRAM FOR 1 1/2 YEARS. THE STUDY TRIED TO IDENTIFY DISTINCT PROBLEMS OF FIRST-GRADE MEXICAN-AMERICAN STUDENTS, TO DEVELOP INSTRUCTIONAL PROCEDURES TO OVERCOME THE PROBLEM, AND TO DEVELOP A TOTAL INSTRUCTIONAL SYSTEM. THE FOLLOWING 10 CONCEPT WORDS WERE CHOSEN AS THE PROBLEM AREA FOR THE STUDY--TOP, BOTTOM, ALIKE, DIFFERENT, OVER, UNDER, FIRST, MIDDLE, LAST, AND UNDERLINE. TO DEVELOP INSTRUCTION TO ENABLE MOST MEXICAN-AMERICAN CHILDREN TO LEARN THESE CONCEPT WORDS DURING THE FIRST SEMESTER OF FIRST GRADE, SEVEN TECHNIQUES WERE UTILIZED--TEACHER-LED ORIENTATION, SMALL-GROUP PAIRED HELPERS, STRUCTURED INDIVIDUAL TUTORING, UNSTRUCTURED INDIVIDUAL TUTORING, SMALL-GROUP TUTORING, TEACHER AS TUTOR, AND PARENTS AS TUTORS. THE EVALUATION-REVISION STRATEGY WAS SHOWN TO BE A VALID APPROACH FOR DEVELOPING EFFECTIVE CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION. HOWEVER, THERE ARE SERIOUS PROBLEMS IN THE UTILIZATION OF AN INSTRUCTIONAL SYSTEM AS NOVEL AS THIS ONE, AND MUCH RESEARCH NEEDS TO BE DONE. (JM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: System Development Corp., Santa Monica, CA.
Identifiers: N/A