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ERIC Number: ED017418
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Feb
Pages: 8
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
EFFECTS OF DISCRIMINATION AND REPRODUCTION TRAINING ON ABILITY TO DISCRIMINATE LETTER-LIKE FORMS.
WILLIAMS, JOANNA P.
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TWO TRAINING METHODS TO FOCUS ATTENTION ON THE CRITICAL FEATURES OF LETTER-LIKE FORMS WAS STUDIED. SUBJECTS WERE 32 KINDERGARTEN PUPILS. SIX NONSYMETRICAL, STANDARD LETTER-LIKE FORMS AND FOUR TRANSFORMATIONS, CONSISTING OF RIGHT-LEFT AND UP-DOWN REVERSALS, 180 DEGREES AND 90 DEGREES ROTATION, WERE USED AS STIMULI TO LEARNING. VISUAL MEMORY AS AN APPROXIMATION OF THE PERCEPTUAL TASKS IN READING WAS USED WITH THREE GROUPS FOR DISCRIMINATION TRAINING. A FOURTH GROUP RECEIVED REPRODUCTION TRAINING REQUIRING THE TRACING AND COPYING OF EACH STANDARD FORM. ANALYSES OF PERFORMANCE ON THREE TESTS INDICATED THAT REPRODUCTION WAS NOT AS EFFECTIVE AS DISCRIMINATION WITH TRANSFORMATIONS. THE RIGHT-LEFT REVERSAL WAS THE MOST DIFFICULT OF THE FOUR TRANSFORMATIONS. TRAINING INVOLVING THE COMPARISON OF LETTERS WITH THEIR TRANSFORMATIONS WAS SUGGESTED FOR KINDERGARTEN PUPILS. TABLES ARE INCLUDED. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED AT THE AMERICAN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH ASSOCIATION CONFERENCE (CHICAGO, FEBRUARY 6-10, 1968). (MC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA