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ERIC Number: ED017401
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Jul
Pages: 30
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
STUDIES OF ORAL READING--XII. EFFECTS OF INSTRUCTIONS ON THE EYE-VOICE SPAN.
COHN, JULIE A.; LEVIN, HARRY
ONE MEASURE CURRENTLY USED TO DESCRIBE THE READING PROCESSES IS THE EYE-VOICE SPAN OR EVS. THE EVS IS DEFINED AS THE DISTANCE OR SPAN OF WORDS THAT THE EYE IS AHEAD OF THE VOICE IN ORAL READING. THE EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT INSTRUCTIONALLY-INDUCED SETS UPON THE EYE-VOICE SPANS OF READERS AT VARIOUS ELEMENTARY AND HIGH SCHOOL LEVELS WERE INVESTIGATED. THE SUBJECTS WERE 60 PUPILS FROM THE ITHACA, NEW YORK, PUBLIC SCHOOLS FROM GRADES 2, 4, 9, AND 11. EACH SUBJECT WAS REQUIRED TO READ SHORT SELECTIONS TYPED ON 5" X 7" CARDS WHICH WERE INSERTED INTO A 24" X 18" X 12" BOX. THIS BOX WAS LIGHTED WHEN THE EXPERIMENTER DESIRED THE SUBJECT TO READ THE PRINTED MATERIAL, AND THE LIGHT WAS TURNED OFF WHEN THE EXPERIMENTER SO DESIRED. THERE SEEMED TO BE A NOTABLE FLEXIBILITY OF THE EVS, REFLECTING CHANGES IN THE CENTRAL PROCESSES OF APPREHENSION AND COMPREHENSION. EYE MOVEMENTS APPEARED TO BE DICTATED BY CONSCIOUS PROCESSES ACTIVATED SUBSEQUENT TO THE INSTRUCTION-INDUCED SET FOR THE PURPOSE OF READING. IT WAS DEMONSTRATED THAT DIFFERENT INSTRUCTIONS PRODUCED SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN THE READING BEHAVIOR OF THE SUBJECTS. THE EVS VARIED WITH INSTRUCTIONS IN THE SAME WAYS AS EYE MOVEMENTS. THREE TABLES SHOWING STATISTICAL DATA AND A BIBLIOGRAPHY ARE INCLUDED. (JM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY.
Identifiers: N/A