ERIC Number: ED017346
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
PATTERNS AND TRENDS IN STATE SCHOOL SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT.
FITZWATER, CHARLES O.
THE CONSTITUTIONS OF ALL STATES PROVIDE THAT A SYSTEM OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS SHALL BE ESTABLISHED AND MAINTAINED. THESE SCHOOLS IN THE VARIOUS STATES ARE ADMINISTERED BY THREE LEVELS OF ADMINISTRATIVE AGENCIES, INCLUDING THE STATE EDUCATION AGENCY, THE LOCAL SCHOOL DISTRICT, AND THE INTERMEDIATE ADMINISTRATIVE UNIT. OF THE 50 STATE SYSTEMS OF EDUCATION, 3 STRUCTURAL PATTERNS EXIST--(1) 32 STATES UTILIZE THE THREE-LEVEL STRUCTURE, (2) 17 STATES USE A TWO-LEVEL STRUCTURE, AND (3) ONLY ONE STATE IS TOTALLY CENTRALIZED (HAWAII UTILIZES ONLY THE STATE EDUCATION AGENCY). THIS DOCUMENT REVIEWS THE VARIOUS PATTERNS AND TRENDS OF ALL THREE STRUCTURAL LEVELS IN THE 50 STATES FROM 1945-66. THIS ARTICLE APPEARS IN THE "JOURNAL ON STATE SCHOOL SYSTEMS DEVELOPMENT," VOL. 1, NO. 1, SPRING 1967, PP. 5-32. (ES)
Descriptors: Administrative Agencies, Administrative Organization, Boards of Education, Centralization, County School Districts, Decentralization, Educational Needs, Intermediate Administrative Units, Organization, Public Schools, School Administration, School District Reorganization, School Districts, School Organization, Socioeconomic Influences, State Departments of Education
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Education Association, Washington, DC. Dept. of Rural Education.