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ERIC Number: ED017336
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
EFFECTS OF DIFFERENTIAL PRIOR EXPOSURE ON YOUNG CHILDREN'S SUBSEQUENT OBSERVING AND CHOICE OF NOVEL STIMULI.
ENDSLEY, RICHARD C.; KESSEL, LESLEY D.
TWO EXPERIMENTS WERE PERFORMED TO INVESTIGATE THE EFFECT OF RELATIVE NOVELTY ON CHOICE BEHAVIOR. IN THE FIRST, 48 CHILDREN OF MEAN AGE 4.4 YEARS WERE PREEXPOSED TO 1 OF 2 SETS OF TOYS FOR 0, 1, 3, OR 5 MINUTES. EACH WAS THEN GIVEN 10 OPPORTUNITIES TO PLAY WITH 1 SET FOR 30 SECONDS. THE MEAN NUMBER OF CHOICES OF THE NOVEL SET INCREASED WITH THE PREEXPOSURE TIME FROM 5.1 TO 7.7. THE NUMBER OF ALTERNATIONS OF CHOICE IN THE 10 TRAILS TENDED TO FALL WITH INCREASED EXPOSURE TIME. IN THE SECOND EXPERIMENT, 80 KINDERGARTEN CHILDREN OF MEAN AGE 6 YEARS WERE PREEXPOSED TO 1 OF THE 2 TOY SETS FOR 1/2, 1-1/2, 3, OR 5 MUNUTES. THEY WERE THEN GIVEN 16 OPPORTUNITIES TO LOOK AT BOTH SETS AND CHOOSE 1 TO PLAY WITH FOR EITHER 5 OR 30 SECONDS. THE TIME SPENT OBSERVING EACH SET PRIOR TO CHOOSING WAS RECORDED. IN THIS EXPERIMENT THE AMOUNT OF PRIOR EXPOSURE TIME DID NOT AFFECT THE CHOICES. THE AMOUNT OF TIME SPENT LOOKING AT THE SETS BEFORE CHOOSING DECREASED EXPONENTIALLY WITH TRIALS. THE MEAN NUMBER OF CHOICE ALTERNATIONS WAS 11.1, SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER THAN THE EXPECTED VALUE OF 7.5. IT IS FELT THAT THIS MAY BE DUE TO A "TAKING TURNS" PROPENSITY NOTED IN CHILDREN OF THIS AGE, AND THAT THIS ACCOUNTS FOR THE LACK OF AGREEMENT WITH EXPERIMENT I. (DR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A