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ERIC Number: ED017333
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Aug
Pages: 200
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
A REPLICATIVE INVESTIGATION OF THE BUCKINGHAM-DOLCH FREE-ASSOCIATION WORD STUDY. FINAL REPORT.
JACOBS, HUGH DONALD
PUBLISHED CHILDREN'S VOCABULARY LISTS BASED ON ACTUAL USAGE ARE ALL DRAWN FROM RESEARCH DONE PRIOR TO 1930. THE PRESENT STUDY REPLICATED THE 1926 BUCKINGHAM-DOLCH STUDY TO DETERMINE ANY VOCABULARY CHANGES. THE 2 HYPOTHESES TESTED WERE (1) THERE IS NO SIGNIFICANT VOCABULARY SHIFT, AND (2) COMMON WORDS DID NOT DIFFER IN GRADE-PLACEMENT (THE EARLIEST GRADE IN WHICH THE WORD APPEARS FREQUENTLY). THE EARLY VOCABULARY STUDIES WERE EXTENSIVELY REVIEWED AND THEIR LIMITATIONS DISCUSSED. THE STUDY SAMPLE WAS DRAWN FROM SCHOOLS IN THE WILLAMETTE VALLEY PLAIN, OREGON, AND CONSISTED OF 8,506 CHILDREN IN GRADES 2 THROUGH 6. INITIAL WORD LISTS WERE OBTAINED BY HAVING THE CHILDREN WRITE DOWN "ALL THE WORDS THAT CAME TO MIND" IN 15 MINUTES. COMPUTER PROCESSING WAS USED TO OBTAIN FINAL WORKD LISTS AND TO COMPARE THE 1926 AND 1966 LISTS. ALTOGETHER, 9,045 DIFFERENT WORDS WERE OBTAINED, OF WHICH 1,715 ON THE INTERNATIONAL KINDERGARTEN UNION LIST AND 2,820 WHICH COULD NOT BE GRADE-PLACED WERE REMOVED, GIVING 4,510 GRADE-PLACED WORDS. THE 1926 STUDY REPORTED 4,924 GRADE-PLACED WORDS. THERE WERE 2,969 COMMON TO BOTH LISTS, 1,955 UNIQUE TO THE 1926 LIST, AND 1,541 UNIQUE TO THE 1966 LIST. GRADE-PLACING IN 1926 REQUIRED THAT 2 STUDENTS OUT OF THE 16,813 IN THAT STUDY HAD WRITTEN THE WORD. THE 1966 STUDY REQUIRED 3 STUDENTS OUT OF 8,506 FOR GRADE-PLACING. THE GRADE-PLACEMENT OF 1,999 WORDS CHANGED, 1,395 MOVING TO A HIGHER GRADE IN THE 1966 LIST. IT WAS CONCLUDED THAT BOTH HYPOTHESES SHOULD BE REJECTED, THAT THE 1966 STUDENTS KNEW FEWER WORDS, AND THAT THE VOCABULARY ACHIEVEMENT OF THE 1966 STUDENTS CAME LATER. THE DATA OF THIS STUDY WILL BE AVAILABLE FOR ADDITIONAL RESEARCH. (DR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Oregon Univ., Eugene. School of Education.
Identifiers: OREGON; Oregon (Eugene)