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ERIC Number: ED017317
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Pages: 60
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE EFFECTS OF NEUROLOGICAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS ON THE LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT OF HEAD START CHILDREN--A EVALUATION OF THE HEAD START PROGRAM.
MILGRAM, NORMAN A.; OZER, MARK N.
THIS HEADSTART STUDY WAS CONDUCTED TO DETERMINE THE INFLUENCE OF NEUROLOGICAL FACTORS AND HOME ENVIRONMENT ON THE LANGUAGE AND COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT OF THE DISADVANTAGED CHILD. TWO DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA CENTERS WERE USED. THE SUBJECTS WERE ABOUT 70 NEGRO PRESCHOOL CHILDREN FROM LOW-INCOME FAMILIES. THESE CHILDREN WERE GIVEN SEVERAL BATTERIES OF TESTS DURING THE 8-WEEK SUMMER HEADSTART SESSION. NEUROLOGICAL TESTS OF BOTH VERBAL AND MOTOR TYPES WERE ADMINISTERED INITIALLY TO OBTAIN AN INDICATION OF THE MATURITY OR IMMATURITY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE CHILD'S NERVOUS SYSTEM. THESE RESULTS, INDICATING WHICH CHILDREN NEEDED THE MOST HELP, WERE LATER COMPARED WITH THE RESULTS OF THE SCHOOL READINESS EVALUATION TESTS. THE SRE MEASURES THE LEVEL OF LINGUISTIC AND COGNITIVE ABILITY OF THE CHILD AND IS ESPECIALLY CONSTRUCTED TO REFLECT A DEFICIT OR ABUNDANCE OF THOSE ATTRIBUTES A CHILD WILL NEED IN THE FORMAL SCHOOL SITUATION. THE RESULTS OF THE SRE TEST SHOWED A GENERAL PERFORMANCE GAIN BETWEEN THE 2 TESTING PERIODS, GAINS CONSIDERED TO BE A FUNCTION, IN PART, OF THE CHILD'S MENTAL AGE. IN ORDER IN SHOW THE RELATION BETWEEN THE CHILD'S PERFORMANCE AND HIS HOME ENVIRONMENT, A SOCIAL WORKER VISITED EACH PUPIL'S HOME AND TALKED WITH THE MOTHER. THE WORKER FILLED OUT A QUESTIONNAIRE DURING THIS VISIT AND LATER GAVE HIS IMPRESSION OF THE QUALITY OF THE VERBAL ENVIRONMENT IN THE HOME. (WD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA; PROJECT HEAD START; School Readiness Evaluation Tests (Ozer)