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ERIC Number: ED017190
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Dec
Pages: 147
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
INTERACTION OF INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES WITH METHODS OF PRESENTING PROGRAMED INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS BY TEACHING MACHINE AND COMPUTER. FINAL REPORT.
DAVIS, ROBERT H.; AND OTHERS
TWO EXPERIMENTS WERE DESIGNED TO MEASURE INTERACTION EFFECTS OF INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN COLLEGE STUDENTS (MEASURED BY ATTITUDE, INTEREST, AND ABILITY TESTS), AND PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION VARIABLES (RESPONSE MODE, FEEDBACK, AND PREFERENCE FOR RESPONSE MODE). IN EXPERIMENT I, SUBJECTS NUMBERED OVER 350 COLLEGE FRESHMEN ENROLLED IN TWO SECTIONS OF REMEDIAL MATHEMATICS. SECTION COMPOSITION WAS NON-RANDOM, AND STUDENTS WERE AWARE THAT ONE SECTION WAS AN EXPERIMENTAL GROUP (WHICH HAD CHOICE OF RESPONSE MODE), AND ONE A CONTROL (TAUGHT BY CONVENTIONAL TEXT). ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE ON CRITERION ACHIEVEMENT TESTS FOR EXPERIMENTAL SUBJECTS ONLY SHOWED NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES FOR PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION VARIABLES AND FEW CORRELATIONS OF INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES AND ACHIEVEMENT TESTS WERE SIGNIFICANT. CORRELATIONS BETWEEN EDUCATIONAL TREATMENTS AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES WERE NON- SIGNIFICANT. IN EXPERIMENT II, PREFERENCE FOR FEEDBACK WAS VARIED INSTEAD OF RESPONSE MODE, BUT WITH NO CONTROL GROUP. ALMOST 250 STUDENTS IN A PSYCHOLOGY COURSE PARTICIPATED IN THE TWO DAY EXPERIMENT, AND OVER 87 PERCENT CHOSE THE FEEDBACK CONDITION, THUS ELIMINATING AN ANALYSIS OF PREFERENCE. THE SAME CRITERION ACHIEVEMENT TEST WAS GIVEN BEFORE AND AFTER EXPOSURE TO FOUR PROGRAMED EXPERIMENTAL TREATMENTS. CORRELATIONS ON DIFFERENCE SCORES FOR TREATMENT AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES DID NOT DIFFER. (LH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Human Learning Research Inst.
Identifiers: N/A