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ERIC Number: ED017102
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
BRAIN DAMAGE AND BEHAVIOR, A CLINICAL-EXPERIMENTAL STUDY.
SCHULMAN, JEROME L.; AND OTHERS
THIS MONOGRAPH RELATES RESULTS OF A STUDY WHICH WAS UNDERTAKEN TO ATTEMPT TO ANSWER THREE QUESTIONS--TO WHAT EXTENT DO EIGHT TECHNIQUES COMMONLY USED TO DIAGNOSE BRAIN DAMAGE CO-VARY, TO WHAT EXTENT DO THE VARIOUS BEHAVIORAL SYMPTOMS THAT OCCUR WITH BRAIN DAMAGE CO-VARY, AND TO WHAT EXTENT DO THE DIAGNOSTIC MEASURES, SINGLY OR IN GROUPS, PREDICT THE PRESENCE OF THE BEHAVIORAL SYMPTOMS. THE STUDY CONSISTED OF A CORRELATIONAL ANALYSIS OF THE RESULTS OF A BATTERY OF TESTS WHICH WAS ADMINISTERED TO 35 RETARDED BOYS AGED 11 TO 15 AND WITH STANFORD-BINET IQ SCORES FROM 50 TO 80. THE BATTERY INCLUDED TRADITIONAL DIAGNOSTIC TESTS OF BRAIN DAMAGE--THE BENDER-GESTALT TEST, THE DRAW-A-PERSON TEST, THE WECHSLER INTELLIGENCE SCALE FOR CHILDREN, THE STANFORD-BINET INTELLIGENCE SCALE, A STANDARD NEUROLOGICAL EXAMINATION, AND AN ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAM. ALSO ADMINISTERED WERE TESTS DEVELOPED TO MEASURE OBJECTIVELY THE ALLEGED BRAIN DAMAGE BEHAVIORAL SYNDROME--HYPERACTIVITY, DISTRACTIBILITY, INCONSISTENCY, AND EMOTIONAL LABILITY. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF DATA YIELDED THESE RESULTS--(1) THE INDIVIDUAL DIAGNOSTIC MEASURES WERE NOT FOUND TO BE SUFFICIENTLY RELIABLE TO BE ACCEPTABLE, (2) THE DIAGNOSTIC MEASURES WHICH WERE USED TO MEASURE BRAIN DAMAGE WERE FOUND NOT TO CO-VARY SIGNIFICANTLY BUT INSTEAD TENDED TO SEPARATE INTO AT LEAST TWO LOOSE TYPES OF MEASURES, (3) IN INSTANCES WHERE DATA ON RELIABILITY WERE AVAILABLE, THE BEHAVIORAL MEASURES (WITH ONE EXCEPTION) ATTAINED OR APPROACHED ACCEPTABLE RELIABILITY, (4) THE VARIABLES IN THE BEHAVIORAL SYNDROME CLUSTERED INTO MEANINGFUL GROUPS, BUT THE GROUPS DID NOT CO-VARY, (5) ONLY ONE SET OF BEHAVIORS CORRELATED SIGNIFICANTLY WITH BOTH DIAGNOSTIC CLUSTERS, BUT THAT CORRELATION WAS IN THE WRONG DIRECTION. APPENDIXES INCLUDE (1) DEVELOPMENT OF ACTIVITY MEASURE, DEVELOPMENT OF DISTRACTIBILITY TESTS, SCORING OF THE BENDER-GESTALT AND DRAW-A-PERSON TESTS, AND DATA PRESENTED TABULARLY. THE BIBLIOGRAPHY LISTS 173 ITEMS. THIS DOCUMENT WAS PUBLISHED BY CHARLES C THOMAS, 301-327 EAST LAWRENCE AVENUE, SPRINGFILED, ILLINOIS 62703, AND IS AVAILABLE FOR $7.00. (MU)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: BENDER GESTALT TEST; DRAW A PERSON TEST; STANFORD BINET INTELLIGENCE SCALE; WECHSLER INTELLIGENCE SCALE FOR CHILDREN