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ERIC Number: ED017029
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Feb
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
DEVISING SOCIAL-MODEL COUNSELING PROCEDURES FOR ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN.
HOSFORD, RAY E.
THE PURPOSE OF THIS STUDY WAS TO CONDUCT AN EXPERIMENTAL TEST OF TWO SOCIAL MODEL COUNSELING PROCEDURES WHICH CAN BE USED BY SCHOOL COUNSELORS TO ASSIST SHY ELEMENTARY STUDENTS IN LEARNING HOW TO PARTICIPATE MORE EFFECTIVELY IN CLASS DISCUSSIONS. THE STUDY SOUGHT TO DETERMINE WHICH OF TWO TYPES OF MODEL PRESENTATIONS (FILM OR AUDIOTAPE) WOULD BEST PROMOTE SUBJECT RECALL OF THOSE BEHAVIORS AND SUGGESTIONS WHICH THE SOCIAL MODEL SOUGHT TO PROMOTE. A 16MM SOUND FILM OF A COUNSELING INTERVIEW BETWEEN A BEHAVIORAL COUNSELOR AND A SHY TEN-YEAR-OLD MALE STUDENT WAS SCRIPTED, FILMED, AND EDITED. A TAPE RECORDING OF THE FILM'S SOUND TRACK WAS THE AUDIO MODEL. AFTER INTRODUCING AND PLAYING THE FILM OR AUDIO TAPE, THE COUNSELOR ASKED A TOTAL OF 548 FOURTH, FIFTH, AND SIXTH GRADE CHILDREN TO RESPOND TO A QUESTIONNAIRE. CONTENT RECALL FOR THE FILM, AS COMPARED WITH THE TAPE, WAS SIGNIFICANTLY GREATER FOR GIRLS ONLY. THE PRESENTATION TYPE DID NOT SIGNIFICANTLY AFFECT THE DEGREE TO WHICH SUBJECTS INDICATED THEY WOULD USE THE MODEL'S SUGGESTIONS FOR SUCH A PROBLEM, OR SUBJECT PERCEPTION OF THE MODEL COUNSELING AS REAL RATHER THAN STAGED. A GREATER PERCENTAGE OF FEMALES IDENTIFIED WITH THE MODEL'S PROBLEM IN THE FILM PRESENTATION. SUBJECTS VIEWING THE FILM MODEL A WEEK AFTER HEARING THE AUDIO TAPE IMPROVED SIGNIFICANTLY IN THE AMOUNT OF CONTENT RECALL. THIS SPEECH WAS PRESENTED AT THE AMERICAN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH ASSOCIATION CONVENTION, CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, FEBRUARY, 1968. (PS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Educational Research Association, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: N/A