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ERIC Number: ED017028
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-May
Pages: 143
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
EFFECTIVENESS OF COUNSELING IN COLLEGE RESIDENCE HALLS ON STUDENTS' STUDY BEHAVIOR. FINAL REPORT.
RYAN, T.A.
PURPOSES OF THIS STUDY WERE--(1) TO TEST EFFECTS OF REINFORCEMENT COUNSELING ON STUDENTS' STUDY BEHAVIOR, ATTITUDES TO COLLEGE SUCCESS AND STUDY, AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT, AND (2) TO EVALUATE USE OF NONPROFESSIONALS IN A PLANNED RESIDENCE HALL COUNSELING PROGRAM. THE THREE RESPONSE CLASSES CONSTITUTED DEPENDENT VARIABLES FOR THE STUDY (SS' USE OF EFFECTIVE STUDY HABITS, ATTITUDES TO STUDY AND COLLEGE SUCCESS, AND PERFORMANCE IN COURSES), WITH REINFORCEMENT COUNSELING THE PRIMARY INDEPENDENT VARIABLE. A PRETEST-POSTTEST CONTROL GROUP DESIGN WITH ACTIVE AND INACTIVE CONTROLS AND SS ASSIGNED RANDOMLY TO TREATMENT CONDITIONS WAS USED. THE FOUR TREATMENT CONDITIONS WERE SPECIFIC CUE-REINFORCEMENT (CR), GENERAL CUE-REINFORCEMENT (R), PLACEBO GROUPS (P), AND INACTIVE CONTROLS (C). PREDICTIONS THAT SS IN REINFORCEMENT COUNSELING GROUPS WOULD HAVE HIGHER SCORES ON CRITERION TESTS THAN CONTROL SS WERE CONFIRMED. SIGNIFICANT TREATMENT EFFECTS WERE NOT QUALIFIED BY DIFFERENCES IN SEX AND MAJOR FIELD OF SS, OR COUNSELOR DIFFERENCES, ATTITUDES TO COUNSELING TECHNIQUE OR COUNSELING PRACTICE. THE PREDICTION THAT MODIFICATION IN STUDY BEHAVIOR AS A FUNCTION OF REINFORCEMENT TREATMENT WOULD GENERALIZE OVER TIME WAS CONFIRMED BY SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES BETWEEN TREATMENT CONDITIONS IN A SIX-MONTH FOLLOW-UP. THE PREDICTION THAT SS UNDER REINFORCEMENT COUNSELING WOULD DEVELOP MORE FAVORABLE ATTITUDES TO STUDY THAN CONTROL SS WAS NOT CONFIRMED. (AUTHOR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Oregon State Univ., Corvallis.
Identifiers: N/A