NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED016979
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Feb-1
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
DERIVATION OF PHONEME INVENTORIES BY NATIVE SPEAKER RESPONSES TO SYNTHETIC STIMULI. FINAL REPORT.
SCHOLES, ROBERT J.
BECAUSE THE INTERFERENCE FROM HIS NATIVE LANGUAGE CAUSES A LINGUIST TO HEAR AND IDENTIFY THE SOUNDS OF A FOREIGN LANGUAGE IN TERMS OF HIS OWN, THE AUTHOR HAS PROPOSED A PROCEDURE DESIGNED TO (1) MAKE THE TASK OF PHONEMICIZING A LANGUAGE SHORT AND OBJECTIVE, (2) EQUATE THE PHONEMES OF A LANGUAGE WITH THE PERCEPTION OF THE USERS OF THAT LANGUAGE, AND (3) MAKE THE TASK OF TYPOLOGIZING LANGUAGES ON THE BASIS OF PHONEME PATTERNS OBJECTIVE. THIS PROCEDURE IS AS FOLLOWS--(1) TAPE RECORDINGS OF SYNTHETIC SPEECH SOUNDS ARE MADE. THESE TAPES CONTAIN A SUFFICIENT NUMBER AND RANGE OF STIMULI TO EXHAUST THE POSSIBLE PHONETIC BASES FOR THE PHONEMIC SYSTEMS OF THE LANGUAGES OF THE WORLD. (2) THESE TAPES ARE PRESENTED TO NATIVE SPEAKERS OF LANGUAGES UNDER INVESTIGATION. THE INFORMANT RESPONDS TO EACH STIMULUS BY SAYING WHETHER OR NOT IT SOUNDS LIKE ONE OF THE SPEECH SOUNDS OF HIS LANGUAGE, AND IF IT DOES, WHICH SOUND. (3) HIS RESPONSES ARE PLOTTED AGAINST ACOUSTIC MAPPINGS OF THE STIMULI TO DETERMINE THE NUMBER AND TYPES OF PHONEMES IN THE INFORMANT'S LANGUAGE. RESULTS SHOW THAT WHILE SOME OF THE TAPED SOUNDS HAVE TESTED SUCCESSFULLY (E.G. WEAK FRICATIVE STIMULI), OTHERS HAVE PROVED INADEQUATE (E.G., VOICELESS STOP STIMULI) AND REQUIRE FURTHER RESEARCH. (AMM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Florida Univ., Gainesville.
Identifiers: University of Florida