NotesFAQContact Us
Collection
Advanced
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED016974
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE PERCEPTION OF GENERAL AMERICAN ENGLISH BY SPEAKERS OF SOUTHERN DIALECTS.
LANE, HARLAN; AND OTHERS
RECENT LINGUISTIC RESEARCH SHOWS THAT THE SPEECH PATTERNS OF SOUTHERN NEGROES CONSTITUTE A LEGITIMATE DIALECT OF ENGLISH WITH PHONOLOGICAL AND GRAMMATICAL RULES SOMEWHAT DIFFERENT FROM GENERAL AMERICAN ENGLISH (GAE). AN EXPERIMENT WAS DESIGNED TO DETERMINE WHETHER THOSE ASPECTS OF THE NEGRO DIALECT WHICH SET IT APART FROM OTHER ENGLISH DIALECTS LEAD TO DIFFERENCES IN SPEECH PERCEPTION, AS WELL AS TO THE DIFFERENCES NOTED IN SPEECH PRODUCTION. PHONETICALLY-BALANCED WORD LISTS AND SENTENCES WERE TAPE-RECORDED BY TWO NATIVE SPEAKERS OF GENERAL AMERICAN ENGLISH AND PLAYED TO 25 NEGRO AND 16 CAUCASIAN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN ALABAMA. EACH STUDENT WAS ASKED EITHER TO REPEAT OR WRITE DOWN WHAT HE HEARD FROM THE TAPE RECORDINGS. THE MEAN SCORE FOR THE NEGRO STUDENTS WAS CONSISTENTLY LOWER THAN FOR THE CAUCASIAN STUDENTS UNDER ALL TEST CONDITIONS AND BOTH GROUPS PERFORMED LESS WELL THAN LISTENERS WHO WERE NATIVE SPEAKERS OF GAE. THUS, IT APPEARS THAT SPEAKERS OF THE SOUTHERN NEGRO DIALECT COMMIT MORE ERRORS WHEN ATTEMPTING TO CORRECTLY PERCEIVE GAE THAN DO CAUCASIAN STUDENTS FROM THE SAME GEOGRAPHIC AREA AND OF THE SAME SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC LEVEL. THIS REPORT APPEARS IN "STUDIES IN LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGE BEHAVIOR, PROGRESS REPORT NO. IV" OF THE CENTER FOR RESEARCH ON LANGUAGE AND LANGUAGE BEHAVIOR, UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN, CITY CENTER BUILDING, 220 EAST HURON STREET, ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN 48108. (AUTHOR/JD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Center for Research on Language and Language Behavior.
Identifiers: ALABAMA; English (General American); United States (South)