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ERIC Number: ED016968
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Sep
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE JAPANESE TONE AND INTONATION SYSTEMS.
YOTSUKURA, SAYO
THE SCOPE OF THIS DISCUSSION IS LIMITED TO THE BASIC PATTERNS OF TONE AND INTONATION IN JAPANESE, (THE FIRST HAVING PRIORITY OVER THE SECOND). THE AUTHOR DISAGREES WITH PIKE ("TONE LANGUAGE"), WHO TENTATIVELY LIMITS SIGNIFICANT PITCH CONTRASTS TO STRESSED SYLLABLES OR TO LONG VOWELS. HE AGREES WITH PIKE, HOWEVER, IN SAYING THAT JAPANESE IS ONE OF THE BORDERLINE TYPES OF TONE LANGUAGES, WHICH HAS WHAT MAY BE CALLED A "WORD-PITCH SYSTEM." A WORD IN JAPANESE MAY OR MAY NOT HAVE A HIGH-PITCHED SYLLABLE OR "HIGH-TONEME." (THE SYLLABLE IS DEFINED AS "HIGH-PITCHED" IF IT IS FOLLOWED BY A SYLLABLE LOWER IN PITCH.) THIS DESCRIPTION OF THE TONE SYSTEM, BASED ON WORD-PITCH AND EMPHASIZING THE FEATURE OF "FALLING," IS FOLLOWED BY A DISCUSSION OF THE INTONATION SYSTEM. WITHIN A WORD, THE PITCH OF (1) THE HIGH-PITCHED SYLLABLE, IF THERE IS ANY, (2) THE SECOND SYLLABLE, AND (3) THE FINAL SYLLABLE, CAN BE HEIGHTENED. THE RISING CONTOUR MEDIALLY INDICATES EMPHASIS, AND FINALLY, MEANS EITHER EMPHASIS OR INTERROGATION. IN THE LATTER CASE, EMPHASIS AND INTERROGATION ARE CONTRASTED BY HEIGHT, WITH THE PITCH BEING HIGHER FOR INTERROGATION. THIS 41-PAGE ARTICLE APPEARS IN "LINGUISTICS," VOLUME 35, SEPTEMBER 1967. (AMM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: TONEMES; TONOMECHANICS; WORD PITCH