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ERIC Number: ED016935
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-May
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
ACQUISITION AND RETENTION OF CROSS-CULTURAL INTERACTION SKILLS THROUGH SELF-CONFRONTATION. FINAL REPORT APR 1965-SEP 1965.
EACHUS, HERBERT T.; KING, PHILIP H.
AN EXPERIMENT TESTED THE RELATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF TWO TECHNIQUES FOR TRAINING UNITED STATES AIR FORCE MILITARY ADVISORS IN CROSS CULTURAL COMMUNICATION SKILLS. RETENTION OF SKILLS OVER TIME AND EFFECTS OF ATTITUDE ON LEARNING WERE ALSO STUDIED. SUBJECTS PLAYED THE ROLE OF AN AIR FORCE CAPTAIN INTERACTING WITH A FOREIGN COUNTERPART, PLAYED BY A CONFEDERATE OF THE EXPERIMENTERS. SUBJECTS WERE TO PERFORM 57 DISTINCT BEHAVIORS APPROPRIATE TO THE SITUATION. EACH HAD RECEIVED A POSITIVE, NEGATIVE, OR NEUTRAL IMPRESSION OF THE COUNTERPART'S FICTITIOUS CULTURE. THE 66 MALE SUBJECTS WERE DIVIDED INTO TWO GROUPS AND TAUGHT THE DESIRED BEHAVIORS EITHER BY EXTENSIVE READING OF TRAINING MANUALS FOLLOWED BY THREE ROLE-PLAYING SESSIONS OR BY LESS READING BUT WITH SELF-CONFRONTATION BY A VIDEOTAPE REPLAY BETWEEN SUCCESSIVE ROLE-PLAY TRIALS. SUBJECTS PERFORMED THE SAME ROLE AGAIN EITHER ONE DAY, ONE WEEK, OR TWO WEEKS FOLLOWING INITIAL TRAINING. SELF-CONFRONTATION PROVED SUPERIOR TO READING IN TRAINING THE DESIRED BEHAVIORS. SUBJECTS WITH POSITIVE ATTITUDES TOWARD THE CULTURE LEARNED FASTEST. RETENTION OF SKILLS LEARNED THROUGH SELF-CONFRONTATION WAS HIGH. (DOCUMENT INCLUDES A DISCUSSION OF PLANNED FUTURE RESEARCH AND A BIBLIOGRAPHY) THIS DOCUMENT IS AVAILABLE FROM THE CLEARINGHOUSE FOR FEDERAL SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL INFORMATION, SPRINGFIELD, VA. 22151. MICROFICHE $0.65. HARDCOPY $3.00. 69 PAGES. (AUTHOR/AJ)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Aerospace Medical Research Labs, Wright-Patterson AFB, OH.
Identifiers: N/A