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ERIC Number: ED016827
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 32
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
FARMWORKERS, A REPRINT FROM THE 1966 MANPOWER REPORT.
Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.
ALTHOUGH THE AVERAGE STANDARD OF LIVING OF FARM PEOPLE HAS BEEN RISING STEADILY, THEY CONTINUE TO FACE SEVERE PROBLEMS OF UNDEREMPLOYMENT AND POVERTY. THE AVERAGE PER CAPITA INCOME OF FARM RESIDENTS IS LESS THAN TWO-THIRDS THAT OF THE NONFARM POPULATION. MILLIONS HAVE MOVED TO CITIES, LEAVING STAGNATING RURAL COMMUNITIES, AND INCREASING THE CITY SLUM POPULATION. TO INCREASE FARM EMPLOYMENT, HIRING OF FOREIGN WORKERS HAS BEEN SHARPLY CURTAILED, AND MOBILE TEAMS OF STATE AND FEDERAL GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS HAVE INITIATED RECRUITMENT PROGRAMS FOR PLACING UNEMPLOYED AND COLLEGE YOUTH, AMERICAN INDIANS, PUERTO RICANS, AND OTHERS. BOTH EMPLOYMENT TIME AND WAGE RATES HAVE INCREASED IN AREAS WHERE FOREIGN WORKERS FORMERLY WERE USED. THE VOCATIONAL TRAINING ACT OF 1963, THE MANPOWER DEVELOPMENT AND TRAINING ACT, THE AREA REDEVELOPMENT ACT OF 1961, THE RURAL AREAS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM, MANY WAR ON POVERTY PROGRAMS, NEIGHBORHOOD YOUTH CORPS PROGRAMS, AND OTHERS HELP TO ALLEVIATE THE NEEDS OF THE FARMWORKER. THERE SHOULD BE CONTINUED RURAL EDUCATION, ECONOMIC AND JOB DEVELOPMENT IN RURAL AREAS, REGULARIZATION OF EMPLOYMENT FOR FARMWORKERS, FURTHER REDUCTION OF FOREIGN LABOR, LEGISLATION PROVIDING LABOR STANDARDS AND INCOME SECURITY FOR FARMWORKERS, BETTER WORKER HOUSING, AND HELP FOR FARM TO NONFARM MIGRANTS. MORE RESEARCH IS NEEDED TO DETERMINE THE CHARACTERISTICS AND PROBLEMS OF RURAL FARM AND NONFARM PEOPLE IN DEVELOPING EFFECTIVE PROGRAMS TAILORED TO THEIR SPECIAL NEEDS, AND IDENTIFY ANTICIPATED TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGES IN AGRICULTURE IN ADVANCE OF PLANNED MANPOWER EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS THAT WILL AID DISPLACED WORKERS. A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW OF AGRICULTURE POLICIES, NEEDS, AND PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT IS EXPECTED AS A RESULT OF THE RECENT PRESIDENTIAL APPOINTMENT OF THE NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMISSION ON FOOD AND FIBER AND THE COMMISSION ON RURAL POVERTY. THIS DOCUMENT IS A REPRINT FROM THE "1966 MANPOWER REPORT" (VT 001 162) AND IS AVAILABLE FROM MANPOWER ADMINISTRATION, OFFICE OF MANPOWER POLICY, EVALUATION, AND RESEARCH, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, 14TH STREET AND CONSTITUTION AVENUE, N.W., WASHINGTON, D.C. 20210. (WB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.
Identifiers: N/A