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ERIC Number: ED016788
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965
Pages: 64
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
VOCATIONAL EDUCATION ACT OF 1963, A CASE STUDY IN LEGISLATION.
KLIEVER, DOUGLAS E.
THE SMITH-HUGHES ACT OF 1917, DEVELOPED FROM THE "REPORT OF THE COMMISSION ON NATIONAL AID TO VOCATIONAL EDUCATION," WAS THE BASIS FOR HR4955. THE BILL'S IMMEDIATE HISTORY BEGAN IN 1960 WITH THE ENTHUSIASM OF ADVOCATES OF EDUCATIONAL LEGISLATION FOR THE NOMINATION OF JOHN F. KENNEDY. THE AMERICAN VOCATIONAL ASSOCIATION (AVA) RECEIVED A PLEDGE OF SUPPORT FROM THE CANDIDATE. AT THIS TIME THE AVA SOUGHT TO ASCERTAIN THE VIEWS OF ITS MEMBERSHIP PRIOR TO A REVISION OF POLICY. IN NOVEMBER 1962 A PANEL OF CONSULTANTS, ESTABLISHED BY THE PRESIDENT, TO EVALUATE THE NATIONAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION ACTS AND MAKE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR REDIRECTING THE PROGRAM, RECOMMENDED A LARGE INCREASE IN THE FEDERAL CONTRIBUTION FOR VOCATIONAL EDUCATION, ABANDONMENT OF THE LEGISLATIVE CATEGORIES IN THE SMITH-HUGHES AND GEORGE-BARDEN ACT, NEW LEGISLATIVE CATEGORIES, AND NEW FUNDS. IN THE FALL OF 1962, AS THE OFFICE OF EDUCATION BEGAN THE ADMINISTRATION'S VOCATIONAL EDUCATION BILL, WHICH BECAME HR 3000 AND S 580, THE AVA WROTE AN UNOFFICIAL DRAFT OF WHAT BECAME HR 4955, ALSO KNOWN AS THE PERKINS BILL. PUBLIC HEARINGS ON BOTH BILLS WERE COMPLETED IN APRIL 1963. HR 4955 WAS REPORTED ON JUNE 18, WAS BROUGHT TO THE FLOOR OF THE HOUSE FOR DEBATE, AND PASSED BY A VOTE OF 377 TO 21 ON AUGUST 6. THE BILL'S PASSAGE THROUGH THE SENATE WAS MARKED BY ITS RETURN TO THE RULES COMMITTEE AND A DEADLOCK OF THE HOUSE-SENATE CONFERENCE TO CONSIDER POINTS OF DISAGREEMENT. PRESIDENT JOHNSON'S PLAN FOR ACTION BROKE THE DEADLOCK, AND THE SENATE VERSION CARRIED ON THE MAJOR POINTS WHICH CONCERNED THE WORK-STUDY PROGRAM, RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL PROGRAM, AND ALLOTMENT FORMULA. ON DECEMBER 13, THE SENATE AGREED TO THE CONFERENCE REPORTS BY A VOTE OF 82 TO 4. ON DECEMBER 18, 1963, PRESIDENT LYNDON B. JOHNSON APPROVED THE VOCATIONAL ACT OF 1963, AND IT BECAME PUBLIC LAW 88-210. (EM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Vocational Association, Inc., Washington, DC.
Identifiers: Vocational Education Act 1963