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ERIC Number: ED016721
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Aug
Pages: 55
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
COMMUNICATION PATTERNS IN INTEGRATED CLASSROOMS AND PRE-INTEGRATION SUBJECT VARIABLES AS THEY AFFECT THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AND SELF-CONCEPT OF PREVIOUSLY SEGREGATED CHILDREN.
DENMARK, FLORENCE L.; AND OTHERS
A RESEARCH PROJECT WAS CONDUCTED TO DETERMINE THE EFFECTS OF ONE YEAR OF SCHOOL INTEGRATION ON 87 LOWER-CLASS NEGRO ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN A SUBURBAN NEW YORK COMMUNITY. IT WAS HYPOTHESIZED THAT THE INITIAL LEVEL OF STUDENTS' CONCEPT FORMATION, COGNITIVE STYLE (FIELD INDEPENDENCE), SELF-CONCEPT, AND INTERRACIAL CLASSROOM INTERATION WOULD RELATE POSITIVELY TO THEIR ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AND SELF-CONCEPT AFTER INTEGRATION. IT WAS ALSO PREDICTED THAT AFTER INTEGRATION GRADE LEVEL AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT WOULD BE INVERSELY RELATED. CHANGES BEFORE AND AFTER INTEGRATION WERE MEASURED BY A VERBAL ABILITY TEST, TEACHER RATINGS, AND A SELF-CONCEPT TEST. THE NUMBER OF WHITE FRIENDSHIP CHOICES BY NEGRO STUDENTS WAS USED TO ASSESS PUPIL INTERACTION IN THE INTEGRATED CLASSROOM. IT WAS FOUND THAT ALTHOUGH THE PRE-INTEGRATION VARIABLES OF CONCEPT FORMATION, COGNITIVE STYLE, AND SELF-CONCEPT DID RELATE TO VERBAL ABILITY SCORES, THEIR PREDICTIVE POTENTIAL VARIED WITH GRADE AND SEX. TEACHER RATINGS WERE INVERSELY RELATED TO STUDENTS' SELF-CONCEPT AND UNRELATED TO MEASURES OF COGNITIVE STYLE AND VERBAL ABILITY. ALSO, THE TEACHERS RATED THE STUDENTS LOWER IN VERBAL SKILLS AFTER INTEGRATION THAN THEY HAD BEFORE, DESPITE STUDENTS IN GRADES 3 TO 5 PERFORMING MUCH CLOSER TO THE WHITE MEAN FOLLOWING INTEGRATION. NEGRO FRIENDSHIP CHOICES SHOWED THAT INTERRACIAL CLASSROOM INTERACTION WAS POSITIVELY RELATED TO ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT, BUT WAS INVERSELY RELATED TO SELF-CONCEPT, POSSIBLY BECAUSE NEGRO STUDENTS USED INTERRACIAL INTERACTION TO ENCOURAGE A LOWER SELF-IMAGE. (LB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: City Univ. of New York, NY. Hunter Coll.
Identifiers: CHILDRENS EMBEDDED FIGURES TEST; DENMARK SELF CONCEPT TEST; LEITER INTERNATIONAL PERFORMANCE SCALE