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ERIC Number: ED016694
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Apr
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
MATERIALS THE DISADVANTAGED NEED--AND DON'T NEED.
HABERMAN, MARTIN
THE ASSUMPTION THAT SOME CHILDREN ARE LOW ACHIEVERS BECAUSE OF CULTURAL, SENSORY, OR DEVELOPMENTAL DEPRIVATION IS CRITICIZED BECAUSE IT LEADS MAINLY TO A GRASPING FOR NEW AND DIFFERENT TEACHING TECHNOLOGIES. WHAT SHOULD BE INCLUDED IN A COHESIVE VIEW OF THE DISADVANTAGED ARE THEORETICAL UNDERPINNINGS FROM WHICH ACTION PROGRAMS CAN BE DERIVED. THE CRUCIAL FACTOR IN DISADVANTAGEMENT IS FELT TO BE THE LACK OF LANGUAGE SKILLS NEEDED FOR CONCEPTUALIZATION AND COMMUNICATION. LEARNING AND INTELLECTUAL GROWTH CAN BE ACHIEVED ONLY BY A VARIETY OF EXPERIENCES SYNTHESIZED BY A TEACHER USING MANY KINDS OF MATERIALS FOR A SPECIFIC LEARNING TASK. ONE EFFECTIVE APPROACH SEEMS TO BE THE "SCHOOL LEARNING CENTER," WHICH USES SMALL GROUPS WORKING ON AN INDIVIDUAL BASIS WITH MATERIALS CHOSEN IN PART BY THE PUPILS. THIS METHOD SEEMS TO OFFER A GREAT DEAL TOWARD DECREASING FEELINGS OF POWERLESSNESS AMONG THESE YOUNGSTERS. AN EXAMPLE IS THE USE OF BALLOONS IN WHICH 10-YEAR-OLDS PUT A CARD ON WHICH THEY HAD WRITTEN ABOUT THEMSELVES INTO THE AIR. THEY RECEIVED LETTERS EXPRESSING INTEREST IN THEM FROM PEOPLE HUNDREDS OF MILES AWAY. ANOTHER PROMISING PROGRAM IS A TEACHER-CONTROLLED CENTRAL DEPOT TO PROVIDE MULTIMEDIA MATERIALS TO TEACHERS AND CLASSES IN 40 SCHOOLS. TEACHING WHICH DIFFERENTIATES PUPIL ACTIVITIES IS SUPERIOR TO COMPUTERIZED METHODS WHICH CANNOT "PERSONALIZE." PARTICULARY BENEFICIAL ARE MATERIALS WHICH STIMULATE "GROWTH OF MULTIPLE LANGUAGE FORMS" IN VARIOUS CONTENT AREAS. THIS ARTICLE IS PUBLISHED IN "EDUCATIONAL LEADERSHIP," VOLUME 24, ISSUE 7, P.611-617, 1967. (NH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A