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ERIC Number: ED016689
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE EVOLUTION OF PUBLIC EDUCATIONAL POLICY--SCHOOL DESEGREGATION IN A NORTHERN CITY.
LAPORTE, ROBERT; AND OTHERS
A MEDIUM-SIZED NORTHERN CITY WITH A NEGRO POPULATION OF ABOUT SEVEN PERCENT WAS EMBROILED IN A DISPUTE ABOUT DE FACTO SCHOOL SEGREGATION WHICH WAS PRECIPITATED BY BOUNDARY LINE REVISIONS FOR AN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL. IMPELLED BY THE PRESSURES OF CIVIL RIGHTS GROUPS, PLANS FOR RACIAL BALANCE HAD BEEN DEVELOPED AND IMPLEMENTED--OPEN ENROLLMENT, BUSING, AND REASSIGNMENTS. A NEWLY CREATED COMMUNITY EDUCATION COMMITTEE PLAYED AN IMPORTANT BUT AMBIGUOUS ROLE IN THE CONTROVERSY IN THAT SOME PEOPLE FELT ITS FUNCTION WAS ADVISORY WHILE OTHERS SAW THE COMMITTEE AS A NEGOTIATOR AND/OR MEDIATOR. THE MOST DIVISIVE ISSUE OF THE CONTROVERSY WAS THE PLANNED TRANSFER OF WHITE PUPILS TO NEGRO SCHOOLS, WHICH CAUSED MOST WHITE FAMILIES TO AVOID INTEGRATION BY USING THE OPEN ENROLLMENT POLICY. THUS OPEN ENROLLMENT CAN EITHER IMPEDE OR ENCOURAGE INTEGRATION, WHICH WILL NOT BE ACHIEVED IF WHITE YOUNGSTERS ARE SENT TO INADEQUATE NEGRO SLUM SCHOOLS. SUCH A POLICY IS "EDUCATIONALLY UNSOUND" AND "POLITICALLY UNTENABLE." CLOSING SLUM SCHOOLS AND ABSORBING NEGROES INTO BETTER WHITE MIDDLE-CLASS SCHOOLS IS THE BEST WAY TO ACHIEVE INTEGRATION. SUCH EXTERNAL FACTORS AS THE STATE EDUCATION COMMISSIONER'S ORDER TO BALANCE THE SCHOOLS AND THE EMERGING CIVIL RIGHTS REVOLUTION SEEMED TO HAVE BEEN IMPORTANT IN THE RESOLUTION OF THIS LOCAL CONFLICT. HOWEVER THE INVOLVEMENT AND PARTICIPATION OF MORE COMMUNITY ELEMENTS WOULD HAVE EASED THE SITUATION AND CREATED GREATER SUPPORT FOR INTEGRATION PLANS. (NH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A