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ERIC Number: ED016608
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 40
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF FOUR VARIATIONS OF PROGRAMED SCIENCE MATERIALS.
GORDON, JOHN M.
INVESTIGATED WERE CHANGES IN THE PERFORMANCE OF SEVENTH GRADE STUDENTS AS A RESULT OF EXPOSURE TO A SYMBOLIC SCIENCE PROGRAM IN ELECTRICITY MODIFIED BY THE ADDITION OF SEVERAL TYPES OF CONCRETE EXPERIENCES. POSSIBLE RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF EXPERIENCES AND CHANGES IN HIGHER LEVELS OF COGNITIVE FUNCTIONING AND LINGUISTIC AND QUANTITATIVE APTITUDE WERE ALSO EXPLORED. FOLLOWING A PRETEST FOR KNOWLEDGE OF MAGNETISM AND ATOMIC STRUCTURE, 16 CLASSES IN A JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL WERE RANDOMLY ASSIGNED TO ONE OF FOUR TYPES OF PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION. THE VARIATIONS RESULTED FROM SUPPLEMENTING A BASIC LINEAR PROGRAM WITH DIRECT LABORATORY EXPERIENCE, SILENT MOTION PICTURE DEMONSTRATIONS, OR STILL PICTURE DEMONSTRATIONS. FOUR CLASSES OF STUDENTS WITH LEARNING DIFFICULTIES WERE ALSO ASSIGNED TO THE DIFFERENT MODES OF INSTRUCTION. POST-TESTS WERE DEVELOPED SPECIFICALLY FOR EACH MODE OF INSTRUCTION. EACH INSTRUMENT INCLUDED QUESTIONS WHICH TESTED THE STUDENT'S (1) KNOWLEDGE OF THE SUBJECT, AND (2) ABILITY TO RECOGNIZE PRINCIPLES, SOLVE PROBLEMS, AND TRANSFER FROM ONE MODE TO ANOTHER. FINDINGS WERE INTERPRETED THROUGH ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE. NO DIFFERENCES WERE FOUND IN THE PERFORMANCE OF EITHER REGULAR OR ADJUSTED CLASSES DUE TO INSTRUCTION MODE, TEST FORM, OR TRANSITION FROM ONE MODE TO ANOTHER. NO DIFFERENTIAL EFFECTS ON THE SUBTESTS REPRESENTING TYPES OF HIGHER COGNITIVE FUNCTION WERE DETECTED. THE LACK OF DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE MODES OF INSTRUCTION NEGATED ANY TEST OF RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN APTITUDE AND THE ABILITY TO DEAL WITH CONCRETE EXPERIENCES. (AG)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing.
Identifiers: MICHIGAN; Michigan (Lansing); NATIONAL DEFENSE EDUCATION ACT; National Defense Education Act Title VII; Office of Education; West Junior High School MI