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ERIC Number: ED016557
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966-Mar-17
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
TEACHING ENGLISH TO ALASKA NATIVES.
SALISBURY, LEE H.
THE ALASKAN NATIVE POPULATION NUMBERS 43,000 AND IS COMPOSED OF THREE GROUPS--INDIAN, ESKIMO, AND ALEUT. THESE PEOPLE, FOR THE MOST PART, HAVE BEEN UNABLE TO ASSUME THE RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF FULL CITIZENSHIP, AND CONTINUE TO BE WARDS OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT. ALASKA HAS ENACTED COMPULSORY EDUCATION LAWS WHICH REQUIRE THE NATIVES TO SEND THEIR CHILDREN TO SCHOOL. UPON ARRIVAL AT SCHOOL FOR THE FIRST TIME, THESE YOUNGSTERS ARE UNABLE TO SPEAK ENGLISH AND ARE FURTHER DISADVANTAGED BY THEIR CULTURAL BACKGROUND AND VALUE SYSTEM. THIS EXTREME DISADVANTAGEMENT CAUSES 60 PERCENT OF THEM TO NEVER REACH THE 8TH GRADE, AND OF THOSE WHO DO CONTINUE IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOLS (BOARDING SCHOOLS), ANOTHER 28 PERCENT BECOME DROPOUTS. ALSO, THE NATIVE YOUNGSTERS ARE TWICE AS LIKELY TO DROP OUT OF COLLEGE AS THEIR NON-NATIVE PEERS. IN ORDER TO HELP THE NATIVE STUDENTS ADJUST TO COLLEGE LIFE, A SUMMER ORIENTATION PROGRAM WAS INITIATED DURING THE SUMMER OF 1964. THE PURPOSE OF THIS PROGRAM IS--(1) TO BROADEN THE STUDENT'S BACKGROUND OF EXPERIENCE WITHIN THE WESTERM CULTURE SO THAT HIS CONCEPTUAL KNOWLEDGE OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE WILL IMPROVE, AND (2) TO ENABLE THE STUDENT TO REALIZE THAT HIS THOUGHTS AND FEELINGS ARE IMPORTANT. THIS PAPER WAS DELIVERED AT THE GENERAL SESSION OF THE TESOL CONFERENCE (TEACHERS OF ENGLISH TO SPEAKERS OF OTHER LANGUAGES), MARCH 17, 1966, NEW YORK CITY. (ES)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: ALASKA