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ERIC Number: ED016522
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Feb-9
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION ON THE USE OF ATTRIBUTES OF PRE-KINDERGARTEN DISADVANTAGED CHILDREN.
DAY, DAVID E.
THIS 10-MONTH STUDY WAS CONDUCTED TO COMPARE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF (1) A HIGHLY STRUCTURED TEACHING PLAN FOR LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION AND (2) A DEVELOPMENTAL, FLEXIBLE INSTRUCTIONAL APPROACH IN CORRECTING LANGUAGE DEFICIENCIES. THE EXPERIMENTAL CONDITIONS WERE ESTABLISHED CONSISTENT WITH THE RECOGNITION OF THE NEED TO INTERVENE EARLY IN THE DISADVANTAGED CHILD'S LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT. NEAR THE END OF THE 10-MONTH LANGUAGE INSTRUCTION PROGRAM, THE CHILDREN OF BOTH GROUPS WERE ASKED TO DESCRIBE SEVERAL OBJECTS. THESE DESCRIPTIONS MAKE UP THE DATA THAT WAS SUBMITTED TO AN ANALYSIS BY 2 JUDGES USING A MODIFICATION OF SIEGEL'S SYSTEM FOR ORGANIZING LANGUAGE GROUPING PREFERENCE BEHAVIOR. THE JUDGES INDEPENDENTLY GROUPED THE CHILDREN'S DESCRIPTIONS INTO 4 CATEGORIES. (THERE WAS 90 PERCENT AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE JUDGES ON THE CLASSIFICATIONS.) THE CHILDREN'S DESCRIPTIONS PLACED IN CATEGORY 1, TOTAL LANGUAGE PRODUCTION, SHOWED NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE 2 GROUPS. CATEGORY 2, USE OF RELATIONAL-CONTEXTUAL WORDS, SHOWED THAT THE DEVELOPMENTAL GROUP DESCRIBED OBJECTS BY FUNCTION MORE THAN DID THE STRUCTURED GROUP. CATEGORY 3, CONCEPTUAL RESPONSES, INDICATED NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCE BETWEEN GROUPS. CATEGORY 4, USE OF DESCRIPTIVE PART-WHOLE WORDS, SHOWED THAT THE STRUCTURED GROUP USED COLOR AND FORM DESCRIPTIONS MORE THAN DID THE DEVELOPMENTAL GROUP. IT WAS CONCLUDED THAT OVERALL THE STRUCTURED GROUP WAS MORE ADEPT AT USING LANGUAGE WITH CLARITY AND SPECIFICITY, THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED AT THE ANNUAL MEETING OF THE AMERICAN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH ASSOCIATION, CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, FEBRUARY 9, 1968. (WD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: American Educational Research Association; GEORGIA; Georgia (Atlanta)