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ERIC Number: ED016426
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Pages: 262
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
EMPIRICAL STUDIES RELATED TO THE TEACHING OF FRENCH PRONUNCIATION TO AMERICAN STUDENTS.
CLARK, JOHN L.D.
THIS REPORT DESCRIBES IN DETAIL FIVE RELATED EXPERIMENTS THAT WERE CONDUCTED IN AREAS PERTAINING TO THE TEACHING OF FRENCH PRONUNCIATION TO NATIVE SPEAKERS OF AMERICAN ENGLISH. THE FIRST TWO EXPERIMENTS SOUGHT TO DETERMINE THE RELATIVE ACCEPTABILITY OF 38 ENGLISH PHONEMES TO NATIVE FRENCH LISTENERS AT EACH OF TWO ACCEPTABILITY LEVELS--PHONEMIC AND PHONETIC. THE THIRD EXPERIMENT ATTEMPTED TO MEASURE THE EXTENT TO WHICH THE PHONETICALLY ACCURATE PRONUNCIATION OF EACH OF 34 FRENCH PHONEMES COULD BE ACQUIRED BY THE AMERICAN STUDENT THROUGH THE SIMPLE REPETITIVE IMITATION OF MODEL SOUNDS. PRELIMINARY SOUND DISCRIMINATION TRAINING OR PRONUNCIATION COACHING WAS DELIBERATELY AVOIDED IN FAVOR OF A SIMPLIFIED BASELINE PROCEDURE OF UNAIDED "SELF-SHAPING." THE FOURTH AND FIFTH EXPERIMENTS COMPARED THE SOUND JUDGING ACCURACY OF INDIGENOUS NATIVE SPEAKERS OF FRENCH TO THAT OF NATIVE FRENCH SPEAKERS FAMILIAR WITH ENGLISH AND TO AMERICAN TEACHERS OF FRENCH WHO HAD LEARNED FRENCH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE. THE RESULTS SUGGESTED THAT INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES IN SOUND DISCRIMINATION ABILITY ARE THE MAJOR DETERMINANT IN ACCURATE JUDGING. INCLUDED ARE TABLES, A BIBLIOGRAPHY, AND 13 APPENDIXES OF SOUND LISTS, JUDGING INSTRUCTIONS, AND QUESTIONNAIRES FOR THE FIVE EXPERIMENTS. (AUTHOR/AB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA. Lab. for Research in Instruction.
Identifiers: N/A