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ERIC Number: ED016339
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Feb
Pages: 136
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF VOCATIONAL BEHAVIOR IN SEVERELY RETARDED MALES.
CROSSON, JAMES E.; DE JUNG, JOHN E.
WORKING FROM A POPULATION OF SEVERELY AND PROFOUNDLY RETARDED RESIDENTIAL SCHOOL PATIENTS, AN ATTEMPT WAS MADE TO DEVISE AN EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAM FOR TRAINING SUBJECTS ON SELECTED WORKSHOP TASKS. TASK ANALYSIS WAS EMPLOYED TO DESCRIBE THE RESPECTIVE VOCATIONAL ENVIRONMENTS AND TO SPECIFY BEHAVIORAL REQUIREMENTS. TRAINING PROGRAMS BASED UPON THE SKINNERIAN PRINCIPLES OF SHAPING, OPERANT DISCRIMINATION, AND CHAINING OF RESPONSES WERE THEN DEVELOPED AROUND THE RESULTS OF THE TASK ANALYSIS. A PRELIMINARY STUDY WAS CONDUCTED TO DETERMINE THE RESPONSE ACQUISITION CHARACTERISTICS OF A RANDOM SAMPLE OF 10 SUBJECTS. THE DATA SUGGEST THAT THE ACQUISITION OF COMPLEX CHAINS OF OVER 100 DISCRETE BEHAVIORS IS REFLECTED IN POSITIVELY ACCELERATED EXPONENTIAL CURVES AND ARE, IN GENERAL, CONSISTENT WITH BEHAVIORAL PREDICTIONS DERIVED THROUGH THE AFOREMENTIONED PRINCIPLES. A SECOND STUDY WAS CONDUCTED TO TEST THE EFFECTS OF TWO REINFORCEMENT PROCEDURES ON THE MAINTENANCE OF THE ACQUIRED CHAINS, EMPLOYING TWO GROUPS OF 11 RANDOMLY SELECTED SUBJECTS. THE CONTROL GROUP WAS EXPOSED TO RELATIVELY LOW BUT CONSTANT LEVELS OF SOCIAL REINFORCEMENT. THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP RECEIVED EXTRINSIC (TOKEN) REINFORCERS DELIVERED IN ACCORDANCE WITH PRESCRIBED SCHEDULES. THE RESULTS SUGGEST THAT SCHEDULES EXTRINSIC REINFORCEMENT MAINTAINED HIGHER AND MORE STABLE RATES OF VOCATIONAL BEHAVIOR THAN ESSENTIALLY NON-CONTINGENT SOCIAL REINFORCEMENT. A BIBLIOGRAPHY LISTS 52 REFERENCES. TABLES, FIGURES, AND APPENDIXES ARE INCLUDED. (AUTHOR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Oregon Univ., Eugene.
Identifiers: N/A