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ERIC Number: ED016315
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1966
Pages: 1
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
VISION AND HEARING SCREENING IN SELECTED CLASSES FOR THE MENTALLY RETARDED, CITY OF DETROIT, MICHIGAN.
Children's Bureau (DHEW), Washington, DC.; Michigan State Dept. of Public Health, Lansing.
TO DETERMINE (1) WHETHER ROUTINE SCREENING PROCEDURES COULD BE USED SUCCESSFULLY WITH RETARDED CHILDREN AND (2) THE PREVALENCE OF UNCORRECTED DEFECTS AMONG A PARTICULAR SCHOOL POPULATION, RETARDED CHILDREN FROM SCHOOLS LOCATED IN THE LOWEST SOCIOECONOMIC AREA OF DETROIT WERE SCREENED FOR VISION AND HEARING LOSSES. SUBJECTS' AGES RANGED FROM 3 TO 21 YEARS WITH A MEAN AGE OF 12.6 YEARS AND THEIR IQ'S RANGED FROM 30 TO 75 WITH A MEAN IQ OF 64. A TOTAL OF 1,023 SUBJECTS PARTICIPATED IN THE VISION SCREENING PROGRAM AND 688 SUBJECTS PARTICIPATED IN THE HEARING SCREENING PROGRAM. SKILLED TECHNICIANS DID THE SCREENING. THE MEASURES USED WERE THOSE STANDARD FOR SCREENING NORMAL CHILDREN. A STEREOSCOPIC INSTRUMENT WAS USED FOR MOST OF THE VISION SCREENING. VISION TESTS INCLUDED WERE (1) FOR VISUAL ACUITY, (2) A PLUS LENS TEST, AND (3) A MUSCLE BALANCE TEST. HEARING TESTS PREPARED A PURE TONE AIR CONDUCTION AUDIOGRAM FOR EACH CHILD USING STANDARD, COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE SCREENING AUDIOMETERS. WITH BOTH VISION AND HEARING TESTS, A SHORT ORIENTATION AND PREPARATION PERIOD PRECEEDED THE TEST. VISION TESTS RESULTED IN 30 PERCENT REFERRAL, AND HEARING TESTS IN A 7.2 PERCENT REFERRAL. RESULTS INDICATED THAT STANDARD PROCEDURES CAN BE USED FOR SCREENING VISION AND HEARING IN MENTALLY RETARDED CHILDREN FROM LOW INCOME AREAS. THE PREVALENCE OF PREVIOUSLY UNDETECTED DEFECTS IN BOTH HEARING AND VISION WAS FOUND TO BE THREE TIMES HIGHER THAN IN THE GENERAL SCHOOL POPULATION. THIS DOCUMENT IS AVAILABLE FROM THE CHILDREN'S BUREAU, WELFARE ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH, EDUCATION, AND WELFARE, WASHINGTON, D.C. 20201. (DE)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Children's Bureau (DHEW), Washington, DC.; Michigan State Dept. of Public Health, Lansing.
Identifiers: Michigan (Detroit)