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ERIC Number: ED016242
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Sep
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
THE NATURE OF SCHOOL ANXIETY AND ITS RELATIONSHIP TO CHILDREN'S SCHOOL BEHAVIOR.
PHILLIPS, BEEMAN N.
SEVERAL YEARS AGO, A PROJECT WAS INITIATED TO--DEVELOP A SCHOOL ANXIETY SCALE AND TO DETERMINE THE EXTENT TO WHICH SCHOOL ANXIETY IS A FUNCTION OF SCHOOL EXPERIENCE, SCHOOL BEHAVIOR IS A FUNCTION OF SCHOOL ANXIETY, AND HOW THESE RELATIONSHIPS APPLY TO CHILDREN OF DIFFERENT SOCIOCULTURAL BACKGROUNDS. UPPER, MIDDLE, AND LOWER CLASS FOURTH-GRADERS SERVED AS SUBJECTS. THE CHILDREN, THEIR TEACHERS, STANDARDIZED TESTS, AND CUMULATIVE RECORDS PROVIDED THE DATA. THE CHILDREN'S SCHOOL QUESTIONNAIRE (CSQ), CONSISTING OF 198 ORALLY-ADMINISTERED ITEMS WAS DEVELOPED AND ADMINISTERED. FACTOR ANALYSIS YIELDED A SCHOOL ANXIETY FACTOR WITH HIGH STABILITY ACROSS THE SCHOOL YEAR AND AN APPROACH AVOIDANCE COPING STYLE FACTOR WITH SOMEWHAT LOWER STABILITY. REPRESENTATIVE ITEMS FROM FOUR SCALES ON THE CSQ AND EIGHT PROBLEM BEHAVIOR VARIABLES ARE PRESENTED. DEGREE OF ANXIETY AND COPING STYLE LEAD TO LARGE DIFFERENCES IN THE INCIDENCE OF SCHOOL PROBLEM BEHAVIORS. DIFFERENCES IN ANXIETY LEAD TO SYSTEMATIC DIFFERENCES IN SCHOOL ACHIEVEMENT AND APTITUDE. TASKS FOR THE FUTURE ARE--(1) ASCERTAINING THE DIFFERENT EFFECTS OF DEFENSIVENESS AND ANXIETY IN EVALUATIVE AND PERMISSIVE SCHOOL CONDITIONS, AND (2) CLARIFICATION ABOUT WHETHER FACTORS WHICH DEPRESS CERTAIN BEHAVIORS AT THE BEGINNING OF THE SCHOOL YEAR FACILITATE AN INCREASE IN SUCH BEHAVIOR. THIS PAPER WAS PRESENTED AT THE AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION CONVENTION, WASHINGTON, D.C., SEPTEMBER 1967. (PR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: CALIFORNIA TEST OF MENTAL MATURITY; METROPOLITAN ACHIEVEMENT TESTS