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ERIC Number: ED015993
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965
Pages: 85
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
WHITE-NONWHITE DIFFERENTIALS IN HEALTH, EDUCATION, AND WELFARE.
Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, DC.
THIS COLLECTION CONTAINS SEVEN PAPERS OF ANALYSES OF WHITE-NONWHITE DIFFERENTIALS IN HEALTH, EDUCATION, AND WELFARE. NONWHITES MAKE UP ALMOST 12 PERCENT OF THE POPULATION, 92 PERCENT OF WHOM ARE NEGROES. THE FERTILITY OF NONWHITES IS HIGHER, ESPECIALLY AMONG THE RURAL, LESS EDUCATED GROUP, BUT THE BIRTH RATE SEEMS TO BE FALLING FASTER, MOST NOTICEABLY IN URBAN AREAS. THERE IS A RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN EXTENT OF EDUCATION AND BIRTH RATE AMONG BOTH RACES, WHO HAVE COMPARABLE RATES WHEN THEIR EDUCATIONAL STATUS IS THE SAME. THE GAP BETWEEN NONWHITE AND WHITE LIFE EXPECTANCY HAS NARROWED TO 10 PERCENT, ALTHOUGH THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN MATERNAL AND INFANT DEATH RATES REMAIN QUITE HIGH. THIS DIFFERENTIAL MAY BE EXPLAINED BY HEREDITARY FACTORS, THE AVAILABILITY AND UTILIZATION OF MEDICAL SERVICES, WHICH IN TURN IS RELATED TO SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS, AND PERSONAL MOTIVATION. DATA ALSO SHOW THAT THE RATE OF MEDICAL SERVICES AMONG NONWHITES IS LOWER THAN AMONG WHITES AND THAT FAMILY INCOME HAS A SIGNIFICANT ROLE. MORE NONWHITES THAN WHITES ARE BELOW GRADE LEVEL, DROP OUT MORE FREQUENTLY, ACHIEVE LESS ACADEMICALLY, AND COMPLETE FEWER YEARS OF SCHOOLING. NEGROES ARE ONLY 5.7 PERCENT OF THOSE RECEIVING HIGHER EDUCATION. THREE TIMES AS MANY NONWHITES AS WHITES HAVE AN INCOME LESS THAN $3,000 ANNUALLY. HOUSING CONDITIONS ARE TWICE AS GOOD FOR WHITES THAN FOR NONWHITES. THIS REPRINT OF HEALTH, EDUCATION AND WELFARE INDICATORS, FEBRUARY-OCTOBER, 1965 IS AVAILABLE FROM SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS, WASHINGTON, D.C., 20402 FOR $0.50. (NH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: N/A