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ERIC Number: ED015984
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Nov
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
URBAN SCHOOLS FOR AN OPEN SOCIETY.
FISCHER, JOHN H.
DESPITE THE AMERICAN CREDO OF EQUAL OPPORTUNITY FOR ALL, "UNEQUAL EDUCATION" MAY BE NEEDED TO ENABLE EVERY CHILD TO DEVELOP HIS POTENTIAL TO "COMPETE ON FAIR TERMS" WITH THE REST OF SOCIETY, ESPECIALLY THOSE CHILDREN WHO ARE HANDICAPPED BY DISADVANTAGEMENT AND RACIAL DISCRIMINATION. BUT COMPENSATORY EDUCATION PROGRAMS FOR THIS GROUP WILL NOT BE MAXIMALLY EFFECTIVE UNLESS THEY MEET THE DISADVANTAGED CHILD'S INDIVIDUAL NEEDS. FOR THIS CHILD A PLANNED LEARNING EXPERIENCE SHOULD BEGIN WELL BEFORE THE AGE OF SIX AND, THEREFORE, EVERY CITY SHOULD HAVE UNIVERSAL KINDERGARTENS FOR FIVE-YEAR-OLDS AND PRESCHOOL PROGRAMS FOR FOUR-YEAR-OLDS. TO CAPITALIZE ON THE GAINS OF EARLY PROGRAMS, THE PRIMARY GRADES SHOULD FOLLOW THROUGH WITH WELL-PLANNED INSTRUCTION AND GOOD TEACHING PROCEDURES. IN ADDITION, INNOVATIONS IN CURRICULUMS, IN PEDAGOGICAL PROCEDURES, AND IN THE USE OF COMMUNITY RESOURCES SHOULD BE MORE WIDESPREAD AND GIVEN FAR GREATER REWARD AND RECOGNITION. AT THE SAME TIME, SCHOOL INTEGRATION WITHIN A FRAMEWORK OF QUALITY EDUCATION AND COMMUNITY INTEGRATION MUST BE GIVEN TOP PRIORITY. AND THE ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE OF SCHOOL SYSTEMS SHOULD BE REFORMED TO MEET CURRENT AND FUTURE COMMUNITY NEEDS AND DEVELOPMENT. BUT THIS RESPONSIBILITY IS NOT THE SCHOOLS' ALONE BUT ALSO THAT OF ALL URBAN PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS. THIS PAPER WAS PREPARED FOR DELIVERY AT THE NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON EQUAL EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY IN AMERICA'S CITIES, SPONSORED BY THE U.S. COMMISSION ON CIVIL RIGHTS, WASHINGTON, D.C., NOVEMBER 16-18, 1967. (NH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers: N/A