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ERIC Number: ED015970
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967-Mar
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
RACIAL ISOLATION IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS, SUMMARY OF A REPORT.
HANNAH, JOHN A.; AND OTHERS
THIS SUMMARY BRIEFLY DISCUSSES THE FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE U.S. COMMISSSION ON CIVIL RIGHTS REPORT ON THE EXTENT, CAUSES, IMPACT, AND REMEDIES OF RACIAL ISOLATION IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS. IT WAS FOUND THAT OF THE 1.6 MILLION NEGRO ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN 75 REPRESENTATIVE CITIES, 75 PERCENT ARE ENROLLED IN SCHOOLS WHICH ARE OVER 90 PERCENT NEGRO. THIS RAPIDLY INCREASING TREND IS CAUSED BY SUCH FACTORS AS SEGREGATED HOUSING PATTERNS, A NEARLY ALL-WHITE PRIVATE AND PAROCHIAL SCHOOL ENROLLMENT, AND DISCRIMINATORY EDUCATIONAL POLICIES AND PRACTICES. STUDIES HAVE SHOWN THAT BOTH THE SOCIAL CLASS AND RACIAL COMPOSITION OF A SCHOOL HAVE A SIGNIFICANT IMPACT UPON STUDENTS' ACHIEVEMENT AND ASPIRATIONS. EVEN WHERE COMPENSATORY PROGRAMS HAVE BEEN INTRODUCED INTO GHETTO SCHOOLS, NEGRO STUDENTS LAG CONSIDERABLY BEHIND NEGRO STUDENTS ATTENDING MAJORITY-WHITE SCHOOLS. FOR THIS REASON SCHOOL DESEGREGATION, ACCOMPANIED BY FEDERAL ACTION, VIGOROUS LEADERSHIP, EDUCATIONAL IMPROVEMENT, AND PROVISION FOR REMEDIAL ASSISTANCE, MUST BE IMPLEMENTED. ONE FEASIBLE FORM OF SCHOOL DESEGREGATION IS THE ESTABLISHMENT OF EDUCATIONAL PARKS. THE REPORT RECOMMENDS THAT CONGRESS ESTABLISH A UNIFORM STANDARD PROVIDING FOR RACIAL BALANCE IN THE SCHOOL, THAT FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE BE GIVEN TO ALL SCHOOLS FOR EDUCATIONAL IMPROVEMENT, AND THAT CONGRESS PROVIDE FOR ADEQUATE TIME IN WHICH TO ACCOMPLISH THIS EDUCATIONAL IMPROVEMENT. IT ALSO MAKES RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FAIR HOUSING PRACTICES. THIS DOCUMENT IS ALSO AVAILABLE FROM THE SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENTS, GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE, WASHINGTON, D.C., 20402. (LB)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.
Identifiers: N/A