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ERIC Number: ED015956
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1965-Sep
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
SCHOOL DESEGREGATION--OLD PROBLEMS UNDER A NEW LAW. SPECIAL REPORT.
Southern Regional Council, Atlanta, GA.
ONE YEAR AFTER THE PASSAGE OF THE 1964 CIVIL RIGHTS ACT THE BEST AVAILABLE DATA SHOW ONLY 151,409 NEGROES IN DESEGREGATED CLASSES IN THE 11 STATES IN THE DEEP SOUTH--5.2 PERCENT OF THE NEGRO SCHOOL CENSUS. THESE FIGURES ARE ABOUT 60,000 LESS THAN THOSE REPORTED BY THE OFFICE OF EDUCATION. DESPITE STATEMENTS BY STATE, LOCAL, AND SOME FEDERAL OFFICIALS, ABOUT 95 PERCENT OF SOUTHERN NEGRO CHILDREN ARE STILL IN SEGREGATED, UNEQUAL SCHOOLS. THE OFFICE OF EDUCATION'S PROMISE OF "ULTIMATE" DESEGREGATION HAS AS YET BEEN UNFULFILLED. ONE OF THE OFFICE'S STRATEGIC ERRORS HAS PERHAPS BEEN RELIANCE ON VOLUNTARY LOCAL COMPLIANCE. SOUTHERN SCHOOL DISTRICTS HAVE EVADED THE LAW BY SUCH MANEUVERS AS FREEDOM OF CHOICE PLANS, WHICH WERE ACCEPTED BY THE OFFICE. TO DISSUADE NEGROES FROM APPLYING FOR SUCH TRANSFERS, SOUTHERN ADMINISTRATORS HAVE USED HARASSMENT AND INTIMIDATION. THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT SHOULD USE ADMINISTRATIVE FIATS TO ENFORCE THE LAW AND SHOULD NOT ACCEPT THE EVASIVE STRATEGIES OF LOCAL OFFICIALS. OBEDIENCE TO THE LAW CAN BE ENFORCED BY THE USE OF SEVERAL METHODS--(1) CUTTING OFF FUNDS TO SCHOOL DISTRICTS WHICH REFUSE TO DESEGREGATE, (2) PROVIDING FUNDS FOR PROFESSIONAL TEAMS TO POLICE DESEGREGATION WHEN FEDERAL EXAMINERS ARE UNAVAILABLE, (3) SURVEYING THE SCHOOL CENSUS TO INSURE INTEGRATION AT ALL GRADE LEVELS, (4) INSISTING THAT PHASED DESEGREGATION NOT BE TOKEN, AND (5) ORGANIZED TRAINING SESSIONS FOR ALL DEEP SOUTH TEACHERS. (NH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Southern Regional Council, Atlanta, GA.
Identifiers: Civil Rights Act 1964; Office of Education; United States (South)